Annotated bibliography for analyzing a concept paper

The Annotated Bibliography
When you are doing research, you will want to keep track of your sources. As you read articles, books, and other documents, there will be those that are of value, and those you will set aside after perusing.
The purpose of an annotated bibliography is to summarize, evaluate, and to keep track of your sources. When you write annotated bibliographies, you approach your data critically, learn about your topic, and develop your own perspective. This careful research and evaluation process will allow you to synthesize the information and a?owna? a perspective on your topic. In addition, properly documented annotated bibliographies ensure that you will have your citations done correctly for your essay.
Parts of an annotated bibliography:
1) Citation. Your citation includes the required information for your References page or in-text citations. Use the GCU Writing Center for templates, samples, and more information on complete citations. Go to sonofcitation.com for more help with full and complete citations.
2) Summary. The summary is the heart of your annotated bibliography. Write briefly and efficiently. As a general rule, condense a paragraph into a sentence, an article into a paragraph, and a book into a page. As you summarize, try to capture the authoras essence as you write, preserving the tone of the author.
3) Annotation. Next, comes the annotated part. The citation has been done, and the article has been summarized. What else is left to include? You want to evaluate the article to determine its place in your research. Here is what you might consider:
a) What kind of credibility does the author have? Can I cite previous works? How does this work compare to other works by this author?
b) Is there anything that would indicate bias?
c) Who is the authoras intended audience? Is it a broad one, or is this only suitable for a select group?
d) Is the article current? Does the currency relate to its relevancy?
e) Are there any special features that make this article useful, such as charts or graphs, to help the reader?
After a brief summary, it would be appropriate to assess this source and offer some criticisms of it. Does it seem like a reliable and current source? Why? Is the research biased or objective? Are the facts well documented? Who is the author? Is she qualified in this subject? Is this source scholarly, popular, some of both?
The length of your annotation will depend on the assignment or on the purpose of your annotated bibliography. After summarizing and assessing, you can now reflect on this source. How does it fit into your research? Is this a helpful resource? Is it too scholarly? Is it not scholarly enough? Is it too general or too specific?
For this assignment, you will need to write three annotated bibliographies on your topic. This assignment is due by the end of Module 5. Before you submit, check for the following:
_____Did I include the citations of each source, and are they properly formatted?
_____Did I include a brief summary (1-3 sentences) that is consistent with the authoras tone?
_____Did I annotate, showing that I evaluated this source in ways that are applicable?
_____Did I include three annotated bibliographies, all from scholarly sources?
_____Did I proofread my work carefully for spelling, clarity, and punctuation?
Ok i am going to upload the analyze a concept paper which the annotated bibliography needs to be done on!

Analyzing a Concept
Annmarie Howell
Grand Canyon University
Professor Debbie Graves
English Comp 105
February 13, 2012

Analyzing a Concept
PTSD
This is a concept used in psychology to refer to the wide range of mental disorders that affect individuals at different levels. For successful understanding of this concept, it is important for a person to understand the underlying attributed of PTSD. This implies that the concept cuts across all levels and ages in human existence. As such, in the analysis of this concept, there are a number of stages that must be taken to provide a full understanding of the idea. The analysis will therefore bring out the meaning or implication of PTSD, the kind of people who are susceptible to this illness, the symptoms associated with the disorder, reactions from different people who are affected by the disorder, the manner in which a psychotherapist can detect the disorder, the way affected people can get help as well as the efforts underway in the reduction of chances of people getting the disorder (Wilson & Thomas, 2004).
To begin with, PTSD is an anxiety disorder that individuals get after undergoing a traumatizing event or experience in life. It is important to note that every person can be unease whenever they are in danger. The outcome of this kind of fear is transformations in the body in the event of fighting or preventing the danger from happening (Friedman et al, 2010). However, the changes that occur to the body as a result of PTSD are disastrous and may be permanent depending on the help an individual receives as well as the period taken between the onset of the disorder and finding a remedy to the problem. It is hence critical that such experiences that traumatize people are detected early enough to avoid an impending danger of permanent body change in an individual.
On the question of who is susceptible to getting the disorder, it should be noted that no one is impervious to the illness. According to Kagan, Rossini & Sapounas (2012), every individual at any age can get the trauma basing on the level of exposure to traumatizing events in their lives. Good examples of individuals most likely to get PTSD include war veterans, victims and survivors of physical as well as sexual assault, drug use and abuse, disasters like tsunamis or floods among a wide range of bad events that may be found in human life.
For an individual to get traumatized, symptoms must be just as fatal as the event which let to the disorder. As a result, there are so far a number of symptoms identified through research as the major indicators of PTSD. These can be grouped into:
a? Re-experiencing symptoms; flashbacks (reliving the traumatic event now and then that may include physical symptoms like increased heart beat or sweating), nightmares, and frightening thoughts emanating from the experience (Kagan, Rossini & Sapounas, 2012). Based on these symptoms, the individualas normal body function may be altered and this is seen from how they handle the world around them. This implies that they may have a change in their speech, reaction to objects around them as well as incidences that remind them of traumatizing past events.
a? Avoidance symptoms; these include staying away from places or experiences or even activities that remind them of the trauma, numbness, a feeling of guilt or depression, losing interest in activities that were enjoyable in the past before the experience occurred, and having difficulties in remembering what happened in the past. In this case, an individual who had a car accident may choose to avoid any further driving of the car.
a? The third level of symptoms is referred to as hyperarousal symptoms (Wilson & Thomas, 2004). They include being easily startled, tense feelings, or difficulties in getting sleep. These symptoms are normally constant as opposed to being caused by remembering of the traumatizing events. As a result, an individual feels stressed and angry. Daily activities of the victim are totally altered including lack of appetite following the PTSD.
It is pretty natural for people to react following a distressing event. However, at different ages victims can react different as a result of lack of enough power to contain trauma. This focuses on the way adults and children react as a result of PTSD. Friedman et al (2010) assert that young people especially children and teenagers experience an extreme reaction following PTSD. The only disparity is that symptoms may be slightly different from what an adult could go through. For instance, a child may have increased bedwetting even if they had known how to avoid this through