Are men the victims of equality in contemporary organizations?

essay reading
Burke, R.J. and Black, S. 1997  Save the Males: Backlash in Organizations ,Journal of Business Ethics, 16: pp. 933-942.
Benatar, D. The Second Sexism, Social Theory and Practice vol 29 (2): 177-210
Robinson, S. 2000  Introduction: Visibility, Crisis and the Wounded White Male Body in Marked Men: White Masculinity in Crisis , New York: Columbia University Press
Pierce, J.L. 2003:  Racing for Innocence: Whiteness, Corporate Culture and the Backlash Against Affirmative Action , Qualitative Sociology, 26 (1), pp. 53-70.
Simpson, R. and Lewis, P. 2005:  An investigation of silence and a scrutiny of transparency: Re-examining gender in organization literature through the Concepts of Voice and Visibility , Human Relations, 58(10).
Puwar, N. 2004:  Thinking About Making a Difference , British Journal of Politics an International Relations, 6(1), pp. 65-80
New, C. (2001) Oppressed and Oppressor? The Systematic Mistreatment of Men, Sociology, 35 (3): 729-748
Whitehead, S. 2001:  The invisible gendered subject: men in education management . Journal of Gender Studies, 10(1), 67-82.
Smithson, J. and Stoke, E.H. 2005:  Discourses of work-life balance: Negotiating  genderblind terms in organizations , Gender, Work and Organization, 12(2), pp. 147-168
Lewis, P. 2006:  The Quest for Invisibility: Female Entrepreneurs and the Masculine Norm of Entrepreneurship , Gender, Work and Organization, 13(5), pp. 453-469.
Puwar, N. 2001:  The racialised somatic norm: institutional racism in the senior civil service , Sociology, 35(3), pp. 651-670.
I m oppressed, you re oppressed, we are all oppressed: the victim culture, The Times, Monday, 9 October 2006.
Benyon, J. (2002) Masculinities and the Notion of Crisis (see handout)
Lecture Notes



Approaching the Essay Question
Avoid adopting an approach which suggests that  yes men are victims . This argument is based on the Second Sexism theory which is highly discredited
If you want to argue that men are victims, a key issue to consider is what are they victims of as it is certainly not equality.
New and Benatar readings.



Breaking the Essay Question Down
Two sub-questions which need to be addressed:
Why do we think men are victims?
Though principle of equality covers everyone, actual equality initiatives i.e. policies, resources etc are targeted at disadvantaged groups and men are not defined as such. To demonstrate this you could discuss how men are not seen as a gendered subject (Whitehead reading) and how they are excluded from some (e.g. parenting) initiatives (Smithson and Stoke reading)
It is this exclusion along with the perceived improvement of the position of disadvantaged groups that has contributed to the perception that men have been disadvantaged by equality (Burke and Black reading)

Why are men open to adopting the role of victim? Why do they want to be seen as victims?
Men as the invisible norm i.e. men are the standard against which all else is judged (Puwar, Simpson & Lewis readings)
This invisibility not only privileges men but also gives them power (Robinson, Pierce, Lewis)
 Burden of invisibility in an age of identity politics (Robinson