Are Western countries justified in criticising some Asian countries for their human rights record? Why/why not?





The essay will be assessed on the following criteria.

1. Content

In terms of content, the marker will be looking for and evaluating:

” Evidence of research: Students should demonstrate that they have looked for interesting and relevant sources, have read them critically, and have been able to use them to support their argument. Familiarity with the relevant source material, as demonstrated in the text of the essay as well as in the notes and bibliography, is an important characteristic of an academic essay.

” Strength and logic of argument: All of the essay questions require a personal response from the student. The marker will be looking for and evaluating the students capacity to provide an informed, logical and forceful argument. Students should avoid writing descriptive essays, and should strive for a critical response that demonstrates their capacity for analytical thought.

2. Presentation

In terms of presentation, the marker will be looking for and evaluating:

” Structure of essay: The essay should have three recognisable sections.

The first section is the introduction. The introduction sets the scene for the reader, explains what the problem is and its significance, and articulates the writers argument.

The second section is the body of the essay. In the body of the essay, the writer provides evidence that supports the essays central argument. The argument should be developed in a logical and coherent manner, and should avoid repetition and argumentation that is not directly relevant.

The third section is the conclusion. The conclusion draws together the various strands of the argument, sums up, reasserts the validity of the central argument, and provides a general sense of closure to the essay. The conclusion can also suggest further issues to consider.

” Standard of English expression: Students should strive to express themselves as effectively and clearly as possible. The conventions of contemporary English grammar should be observed.

” Effective and correct use of footnotes/citations: There are a number of different systems for referring to sources. Students are expected to use either the historical method (footnotes) or the social science method (text notes). Whichever method is employed, it must be used correctly and consistently. More information on citations systems is provided below.

” Bibliography: A bibliography of all sources used in researching and writing the essay must be appended to the essay. This must be consistent with the footnote/citation system used. More information on writing a bibliography is provided below.

” Word Processed: The essay must be word processed. Hand written essays will not be accepted.


The difference between 2500 words and a 2500 word essay is that an essay has a structure. The central purpose of an essay is to argue a case, and you cannot do this effectively unless you argue in a logical, coherent and ordered way.

To do this, you need to ensure that your essay is structured. A famous writer once said that all good pieces of writing have three things: a beginning, a middle and an end. Let us explore the role of the beginning, middle and end of your essay.

The beginning of the essay has a number of purposes. It is the introduction to the essay, and should set the scene for the reader and explain what the issues are. Very importantly, it should also state your argument and explain how you will demonstrate the validity of your argument.

The middle (or body) of the essay provides the evidence to support your argument. Evidence comes in many forms, but you will need to use evidence that is relevant to your argument. You will know if evidence is relevant if it helps to support your argument. The middle of the essay is usually divided into paragraphs (and sometimes sections, with subheadings). Each paragraph should be organised around a particular idea, and the sentences in the paragraph should connect in a logical manner, so that the paragraph s idea is explained in a fluent, continuous way. Arrange your paragraphs so that they lead from one to the other in a logical way that develops your argument.

The end of the essay is the conclusion. The conclusion should draw together the various strands of the argument, sum up, reassert the validity of the central argument, and provide a general sense of closure to the essay. The conclusion can also suggest further issues to consider.