Avid Armstrong, a?Universals as Attributesa from Universals: An Opinionated Introduction
In the course of the paper, you should do at least each of the following things:
1. Present an argument and clearly explain how it works. Make sure to explain why one might think that the premises are true and that the conclusion follows from the premises. Be sure to present the argument in the best light possible.
2. Argue for something in connection with the argument. You may once again look to Pryors suggestions on several possible aims of a philosophy paper.
(These are from Pryors website)
Criticize the argument; or show that certain arguments for the thesis are no good
Defend the argument or thesis against someone elses criticism
Offer reasons to believe the thesis
Offer counter-examples to the thesis
Contrast the strengths and weaknesses of two opposing views about the thesis
Give examples which help explain the thesis, or which help to make the thesis more plausible
Argue that certain philosophers are committed to the thesis by their other views, though they do not come out and explicitly endorse the thesis
Discuss what consequences the thesis would have, if it were true
Revise the thesis, in the light of some objection
3. Address a possible objection (or objections) to the argument in 2. Make the strongest case you can on behalf of your opponent. But also make sure that you have a good reply.
4. At some point you should draw a more general conclusion.
5. Your paper should end with a list of references You do not need to start a new page. Just add a section heading after the end of your paper, References, and put the citations underneath.