Choose any two questions from the given four questions. Each question is 1250words.

a? Word limit 1250 words for each question
a? Each question carries equal marks
a? Answers should be illustrated wherever possible by EXAMPLES
a? Candidates are permitted to retain this question paper

they must have an introduction stating the scope of the answer, paragraphs that focus on specific building blocks of the answer, and a conclusion that is based on the content of the answer and directly relates back to the subject of the answer. Each question should have an introduction and a conclusion. Each question should have a reference. It must be written as a continuous discussion with no sub-headings or bullet points. The discussion must be supported by examples and references cited in the text. A list of references must be provided at the end, which must cite predominantly book/journal articles and authoritative sources.