Clean water laws are neglected, at a cost in suffering

General writing requirements from the professor:
You are to write as a professional economist. You should provide an economic analysis of various issues from your chosen article. You should bring in outside knowledge if helpful. You should discuss policy implications, future consequences, who gains, and who loses, impacts on market efficiency, and other topics as relevant.

The topic is given is called: Clean Water Laws Are Neglected, at a Cost in Suffering.The author is Charles Duhigg.This article can be found in New York Times online, dated Sep 13.2009