Compare the concept of  self promoted by Confucius and the Confucianists and in Daoism. How do both differ from the Buddhist approach?

Extra Reading list, just for your reference

East Asian Philosophy

Bell, Daniel, China s New Confucianism. Politics and Everyday Life in a Changing Society. Princeton: Princeton University Press 2008.

Graham, A.C., Disputers of the Tao. La Salle, Ill.: Open Court Press, 1989.

Hansen, Chad, A Daoist Theory of Chinese Thought: A philosophical interpretation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Lai, Karyn, Learning from Chinese philosophies: ethics of interdependent and contextualised self. Burlington: Ashgate 2006.

D.C. Lau, Lao Tzu. Tao Te ching. Harmondsworth: Penguin 1963.

D.C. Lau, Confucius. The Analects. Harmondsworth: Penguin 1979.

Unschuld, Paul, Medical Ethics in Imperial China: A Study in Historical Anthropology. Berkeley: University of California Press 1979.


De Bary, Wm. Theodore (ed.), The Buddhist Tradition. New York: Modern Library 1969.

Kalupahana, David J., Buddhist Philosophy: A Historical Analysis. Honolulu: University of

Hawaii Press 1976.

Lopez, Donald S., Buddhism: an introduction and guide. London: Penguin 2002.

Olson, Carl, The different paths of Buddhism: a narrative-historical introduction. New

Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press 2005.

Smith, Huston, Buddhism: A Concise Introduction. San Francisco: Harper 2003.

William, Paul, Mahayana Buddhism: the doctrinal foundations. New York: Routledge 1989.

Wright, Arthur F., Buddhism in Chinese History. New York: Atheneum 1965.