Comparison/contrast essay (explanatory synthesis)

THESE ARE THE TEACHER EXPLAINATION FOR THE ASSIGNMENT:
For this essay, well be combining something familiar–fairy tales–with a type of essay you may not be familiar with–the comparison/contrast essay. Youll also be practicing paraphrasing, quoting, and citing sources. Choose two variations on the Cinderella tale.

Use these twelve (12) criteria:
1) Cinderellas innocence or guilt, concerning the treatment she receives at the hands of her stepsisters
2) Cinderellas passive (or active) nature
3) Sibling rivalry–the relationship of Cinderella with her sisters
4) the fathers role
5) the rule that Cinderella must return from the ball by midnight
6) the levels of violence
7) the presence or absence of the fairy godmother
8) Cinderellas relationship with the prince
9) the characterization of the prince
10) the presence of Cinderellas dead mother
11) the function of magic
12) the ending

Use the information in Organizing by Criteriato begin your notes and to structure your essay using point-by-point organization (NOT block format organization).
Organizing by Criteria: Instead if summarizing entire sources one at a time with the intention of comparing them later, you could discuss two sources simultaneously, examinging the views of each author point by point (criterion by criterion), comparing and contrasting these views in the process. The criterion approach is best used when you have a number ot points to discuss or when passages or subjects are long and/or complex. a comparison-and-contrast synthesis organized by criteria might look like this:
I. Introduce the paper; lead to thesis.
II. Criterion 1
a. Discuss what author A says about this point.
b. Discuss what author B says about this point, comparing and contrasting
Bs teatment of the point with As.
III. Criterion 2
a. Discuss what author A says about this point.
b. Discuss what author B says about this point, comparing and contrasting
Bs teatment of the point with As.
And so on. Proceed criterion by criterion until you have completed your discussion. Be sure to arrange criteria with a clear method; knowing how the discussion of one criterion leads to the next will ensure smooth transitions throughout your paper. End by summarizing your key points and, perhaps, raising and responding to pertinent questions.
However you organize your comparison-and-contrast synthesis, keep in mind that comparing and contrasting are not ends in themselves. Your discussion should point somewhere: to a conclusion, an answer to so whatwhy bother to compare and contrast in the first place? If your discussion is a part of a larger synthesis, point to and support the larger claim. If you write a stand-alone comparison-and-contrast, though, you must by the final paragraph answer the why bother? question.

You probably wont actually include all twelve of these in your final write up–just use the ones that produce the most interesting results. Your introduction might begin with some generalizations about fairy tales and their appeal across many different cultures. Your thesis statement (THE LAST SENTENCE IN YOUR INTRODUCTION) should explain what you find interesting or unusual about the two versions and/or what you hope to gain or illustrate from the comparison/contrast.
In the body of the essay, analyze the tales similarities and differences using paraphrasing (retelling the story in your own words) and direct quotation. Use END NOTE CITATIONS whenever you quote your sources. Double-check for accuracy. Avoid freestanding quotations–sentences that begin and end with someone elses words and dont include any of your own words–by using author tags at the beginning, ending, or even in the middle of the quotation. Author tags use an authors last name or just the words The authoralong with the PRESENT TENSE VERB Writes(NOT “quotes”):
Perrault writes, When she had finished her work, she used to go into the chimney-corner and sit down among the cinders…”(549)
The author writes, When she had finisher her work, she used to go into the chimney-corner and sit down among the cinders…(Perrault 549).

The “…indicates that there was a part of the sentence which wasnt necessary to quote. Its a good idea to edit quotes down to just the parts you really need. Excessively long quotes look like padding. If you are writing about the Anne Sexton poem, use “/to indicate where the line breaks are:
You always read about it;/the plumber with twelve children/ who wins the Irish Sweepstakes,writes Sexton (578).

ALWAYS follow quotations with analysis–what do you want your readers to notice about the quotations? what does the quoted material tell us about the Cinderella fairy tale or fairy tales in general? NEVER begin or end a paragraph with a quotation. Use authors full names the first time you mention them; after that, use last names only. Dong get bogged down in plot summary–assume your audience is familiar with the tales plots.

MLA-FORMAT WORKS CITED–4 PAGES LONG

The two fairy tales can come from a list of seven–can you get copies of them–if not, please let me know and I will try to get them faxed to you. You (the writer for my essay) can choose any two of the following: Ashputtle by Jakob & Wilhelm Grimm, When the Clock Strikes by Tanith Lee, The Maiden, the Frog, and the Chiefs Son (An African Cinderella”), A Chinese Cinderellaby Tuan Cheng-shih, Cinderella by Anne Sexton, Oochigeaskw–the Rough-Faced Girl (A Native American Cinderella”), and Cinderella by Charles Perrault. I am submitting another order just like this one–so I would appreciate it (if the writers are different people) if you would make sure that the stories chosen are different ones. These are all from the Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum textbook used in College English–pages 548-587. Again, if you can not get these particular stories, please let me know and I will fax them to you–I looked for them online and they were not exactly the same as in the book.

Comparison/contrast essay (explanatory synthesis)

THESE ARE THE TEACHER EXPLAINATION FOR THE ASSIGNMENT:
For this essay, well be combining something familiar–fairy tales–with a type of essay you may not be familiar with–the comparison/contrast essay. Youll also be practicing paraphrasing, quoting, and citing sources. Choose two variations on the Cinderella tale.

Use these twelve (12) criteria:
1) Cinderellas innocence or guilt, concerning the treatment she receives at the hands of her stepsisters
2) Cinderellas passive (or active) nature
3) Sibling rivalry–the relationship of Cinderella with her sisters
4) the fathers role
5) the rule that Cinderella must return from the ball by midnight
6) the levels of violence
7) the presence or absence of the fairy godmother
8) Cinderellas relationship with the prince
9) the characterization of the prince
10) the presence of Cinderellas dead mother
11) the function of magic
12) the ending

Use the information in Organizing by Criteriato begin your notes and to structure your essay using point-by-point organization (NOT block format organization).
Organizing by Criteria: Instead if summarizing entire sources one at a time with the intention of comparing them later, you could discuss two sources simultaneously, examinging the views of each author point by point (criterion by criterion), comparing and contrasting these views in the process. The criterion approach is best used when you have a number ot points to discuss or when passages or subjects are long and/or complex. a comparison-and-contrast synthesis organized by criteria might look like this:
I. Introduce the paper; lead to thesis.
II. Criterion 1
a. Discuss what author A says about this point.
b. Discuss what author B says about this point, comparing and contrasting
Bs teatment of the point with As.
III. Criterion 2
a. Discuss what author A says about this point.
b. Discuss what author B says about this point, comparing and contrasting
Bs teatment of the point with As.
And so on. Proceed criterion by criterion until you have completed your discussion. Be sure to arrange criteria with a clear method; knowing how the discussion of one criterion leads to the next will ensure smooth transitions throughout your paper. End by summarizing your key points and, perhaps, raising and responding to pertinent questions.
However you organize your comparison-and-contrast synthesis, keep in mind that comparing and contrasting are not ends in themselves. Your discussion should point somewhere: to a conclusion, an answer to so whatwhy bother to compare and contrast in the first place? If your discussion is a part of a larger synthesis, point to and support the larger claim. If you write a stand-alone comparison-and-contrast, though, you must by the final paragraph answer the why bother? question.

You probably wont actually include all twelve of these in your final write up–just use the ones that produce the most interesting results. Your introduction might begin with some generalizations about fairy tales and their appeal across many different cultures. Your thesis statement (THE LAST SENTENCE IN YOUR INTRODUCTION) should explain what you find interesting or unusual about the two versions and/or what you hope to gain or illustrate from the comparison/contrast.
In the body of the essay, analyze the tales similarities and differences using paraphrasing (retelling the story in your own words) and direct quotation. Use END NOTE CITATIONS whenever you quote your sources. Double-check for accuracy. Avoid freestanding quotations–sentences that begin and end with someone elses words and dont include any of your own words–by using author tags at the beginning, ending, or even in the middle of the quotation. Author tags use an authors last name or just the words The authoralong with the PRESENT TENSE VERB Writes(NOT “quotes”):
Perrault writes, When she had finished her work, she used to go into the chimney-corner and sit down among the cinders…”(549)
The author writes, When she had finisher her work, she used to go into the chimney-corner and sit down among the cinders…(Perrault 549).

The “…indicates that there was a part of the sentence which wasnt necessary to quote. Its a good idea to edit quotes down to just the parts you really need. Excessively long quotes look like padding. If you are writing about the Anne Sexton poem, use “/to indicate where the line breaks are:
You always read about it;/the plumber with twelve children/ who wins the Irish Sweepstakes,writes Sexton (578).

ALWAYS follow quotations with analysis–what do you want your readers to notice about the quotations? what does the quoted material tell us about the Cinderella fairy tale or fairy tales in general? NEVER begin or end a paragraph with a quotation. Use authors full names the first time you mention them; after that, use last names only. Dong get bogged down in plot summary–assume your audience is familiar with the tales plots.

MLA-FORMAT WORKS CITED–4 PAGES LONG

The two fairy tales can come from a list of nine–can you get copies of them–if not, please let me know and I will try to get them faxed to you. You (the writer for my essay) can choose any two of the following: Ashputtle by Jakob & Wilhelm Grimm, Walt Disneys Cinderellaadapted by Campbell Grant, When the Clock Strikes by Tanith Lee, The Maiden, the Frog, and the Chiefs Son (An African Cinderella”), A Chinese Cinderellaby Tuan Cheng-shih, Cinderella by Anne Sexton, Oochigeaskw–the Rough-Faced Girl (A Native American Cinderella”), Cinderella by Charles Perrault, and Gudgekin the Thistle Girl by John Gardner. I am submitting another order just like this one–so I would appreciate it (if the writers are different people) if you would make sure that the stories chosen are different ones. These are all from the Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum textbook used in College English–pages 548-587. Again, if you can not get these particular stories, please let me know and I will fax them to you–I looked for them online and they were not exactly the same as in the book.