Contemporary theories in psychology based on philosophical assumptions

From its beginnings in ancient Greece until today, the history of western philosophy has
dealt with such concepts as substance, cause, identity, time and space, knowledge, and
ethics, among others. From what you know about contemporary theories in psychology
(this is the keystone course for majors and minors in psychology, so you ought to have
some knowledge of such theories), to what extent are contemporary theories in
psychology based on philosophical assumptions about such concepts? If you think that
contemporary psychological theories have not been influenced to any great extent by
philosophical assumptions, provide an argument to support that position. If, however,
you think that contemporary psychological theories have been influenced by
philosophical assumptions, provide an argument to support that position. Include theories from Parmenides,Anaximander,Anaximenes, Anaxagoras, and Pythagoras
You should worry less about your ability to write a polished and professional essay on
this question and concentrate more on demonstrating a serious effort to grapple with the
question. Make sure that your essay addresses topics presented in the lectures
throughout this semester, although you are free to bring in additional information and
sources as appropriate.