Crime prevention,disorder and community safety

question: what evidence is there that the public and policy makers are becoming more punitive?

Marking Criteria

Your essays will be marked based on the following five criteria:
1. Knowledge of the topic ideas, concepts and institutions
2. Analysis of the issues and an awareness of different viewpoints
3. Evaluation of competing explanations or theories applied to a problem
4. Ability to identify relevant sources of evidence, both empirical and theoretical, and to use these to produce an informative referencing system.
5. Skill in presentation of an answer with accuracy, clarity and coherence.
harvard style.
Reading:
Roberts, J. and Hughes, M. (2002) Changing Attitudes to Punishment; Willan.
Hancock, L. (2004)  Criminal Justice, Public Opinion, Fear and Popular Politics in J. Muncie and D.Wilson (eds) The Cavendish Student Handbook of Criminal Justice and Criminology; London: Cavendish.
Durham, A. (1993)  Public Opinion Regarding Sentences for Crime: Does it Exist?
Journal of Criminal Justice 21: 1-11.
Osbourne, T. and Rose, N. (1999)  Does the Social Sciences Create Phenomena? The Example of Public Opinion Research British Journal of Sociology Vol 50, No. 3: 376-396.
Matthews, R. (2005)  The Myth of Punitiveness Theoretical Criminology (summer).
O Donnell and O Sullivan, E. (2003)  The Politics of Intolerance  Irish Style British Journal of Criminology 43: 41-62.
Walker, N. and Hough, M. (1988) Public Attitudes to Sentencing; Gower, Aldershot.