Criminology dissertation literature review
(below you will find a basic proposal to use as a guide, the dissertation question or topic can be further narrowed down according to what you would like to incorporate in the literature review. also the mini literature review in the proposal is just basic research and not necessarily what has to be in the actual literature review. the basic topic is a?Are victims of rape (females) pre-judged by the criminal justice system?but the rest is fairly flexible, feel free to adjust the dissertation question if need be. if possible include references to UK laws and legislations) Note: Dissertation is based only on the UK criminal justice system. Note: the list of books in the proposal also are just for guidance, they do not necessarily need to be used unless you find that they are relevant or useful. also the literature review should overview the main or biggest debates in the topic and should include a number of credible sources such as journals, books, newspapers etc… (eg 15+)
a?Are victims of rape (females) pre-judged by the criminal justice system?”
The aim of this dissertation is to examine whether women are judged by their character, past actions and behaviours and whether these pre-judgements affect their role as a victim in criminal cases within the criminal justice system.
This dissertation provides an insight into the UK laws protecting victims of rape and how often these laws are either overlooked or nulled (Said T & Bingham R, 2003). A substantial part of the essay will be analysing a number of theories and ideas put forward by academics in the subject area to gain a deeper understanding of why or how a female may or even may not be judged in the CJS and also whether the female can be considered as a victim, or a willing participant as it may be in many cases.
Below is a list of books that have been initially used to create that deeper understanding of the subject area mentioned earlier. It must be noted that this book list is compiled for general reading around this subject with intents to introduce it and not an absolute list of what will be used in the final dissertation.
Rape and Society: Readings on the problem of sexual assault.
Edited by: Patricia searles and Ronald J. Berger (Ref: 364-153 SEA)
Evolution of Gender and Rape.
Edited by: Cheryl Brown Travis (Ref: 364-153 TRA)
Attitudes towards Rape: Feminist and Social Psychological Perspectives.
Edited by: Coleen A Ward (Ref: 364-153 WAR)
Is It Rape?: On acquaintance rape and taking womenas consent seriously.
Edited by: Joan McGregor (Ref: 364-153 MAC)
The causes of Rape: understanding individual differences in male propensity for sexual aggression.
Edited by: LalumiA?re, Harries, Quinsy, Rice (Ref: 364-153 LAL)
The Rape Victim: clinical and community interventions.
Edited by: Koss, Harvey (Ref: 364-153 KOS)
The Word of a Woman: Police, Rape and Belief.
Edited by: Jan Jordan (Ref: 364-153 JOR)
Rape: Challenging contemporary thinking.
Edited by: Miranda Horvath and Jennifer Brown (Ref: 364-153 HOR)
Rape: the misunderstood Crime
Edited by: Allison, Wrightsman (Ref: 364-153 ALL)
Assessing men who sexually abuse: A practical guide.
Edited by: Briggs, Doyle, Gooch, Kennington (Ref: 364-153 BRI)
Edited by: Ann J. Cahill (Ref: 364-153 CAH)
Sex Crime and the Media: Sex Offending and the press in a divided society
Edited by: Chris Greer (Ref: 364-153 GRE)
The victimization of Women: Law, Policies, and politics.
Edited by: Michelle L. Meloy, Susan L. Miller
Perspectives on Rape and sexual assault
Edited by: June Hopkins (Ref: 364-153 HOP)
These books will create the foundation of an extensive literature review from which it will be possible to study the trends in how these a?victimsa are treated by judges and other members of the CJS based on their character or actions (Kelly L, Temkin J & Griffiths S, 2000/2006). In an attempt to validate the trends that will come in conclusion of the literature review, The dissertation will then evaluate qualitative secondary resources such as newspaper and journal articles on related cases. Finally it will be possible to find correlations within the findings of the literature review and the findings of the research to examine whether the philosophies put forward by academics capture the reality of what actually takes place within the court room regarding these a?victimsa.
The texts mentioned above have been studied and the titles in bold are of most relevance to the research. The texts in bold will be further examined within the dissertation. For this proposal, however, there will be a literature review inspecting how unconventional rape cases (non-violent, attacker known to victim, date rape etca¦) are undermined by the CPS and also what experience sexual abuse victims have in court.
The methodology being used for the research is mostly secondary data and qualitative data as mentioned above, however during the process of the research, quantitative secondary data may be needed to either back up findings or evaluate the validity of the findings from the research. These methodologies will be analysed to identify why they are the best methods to be employed for this project and also their weaknesses that may need to be considered during the research process. Secondary data as a whole has a number of weaknesses that must be measured. Firstly authenticity is an issue often found with data off the internet where it can be difficult to establish who the author is and whether their work is authentic or not. Another concern with secondary data is credibility. This can mean two things, firstly the data being used must be analysed as to whether there is a possibility that it may have been altered; for example, some autobiographies or interviews will often leave out parts of the original data making it biased. Secondly the researcher themselves must provide the source of their data and make sure the data they use to create their conclusions must be reliable and valid. Although secondary data has its shortfalls it is still the most efficient method for this specific research. Secondary data allows for a large sample of data in a short space of time, which is convenient for shorter projects with a small financial budget (Cook S. 2011).
The two types of data being used in the project are mainly books and case studies. Both these data types are qualitative, which allows a deeper depth into details and understanding, however using this form of data also means it is harder to generalise the findings and also limits the data in the amount that can be used. Despite these shortcomings, qualitative data is the best option for this project as the findings can be analysed as the aim is to examine whether the academic findings and theories match the reality of what happens in cases within the court (Carey M. 2013).
The subject of sexual abuse is a sensitive area, hence it is empirical that extra precautions must be taken towards any ethical considerations during the process of the research. In the dissertations there will be many case studies that will be used to understand the realistic reaction of the criminal justice system towards victims of sexual abuse and therefore any names mentioned within the research must be removed or changed to retain anonymity, particularly if any of the case studies will be composed via primary research. Due to the sensitive nature of the subject it is also vital that extra provision is taken to create a piece of research that is as unbiased as possible and simply examines the work that is already out there without creating opinionated or prejudiced statements. Not only does this allow for a more ethically correct dissertation but it also increases the credibility of the research project as a whole. (Gregory I. 2003)
The Scottish Executive (2000) recognise the statements below as common mythologies that people have regarding rape.
An individual who has had sexual intercourse with persons