Critically assess weather the glass cieling still exists in the modern workplace.

The Task:

You are required to write an assignment of no more than 1500 words in answer to the question, task or topic your group agreed with the relevant module teaching staff during the semester.

Assessment criteria

First Class level student work will display an ability to apply the theories, concepts and techniques delivered on the module to the successful application of critical reasoning skills in the writing of assignments. There will be evidence that in answering their chosen question the student has critically read the relevant parts of a variety of different texts and articles, and has used relevant, appropriate, correctly referenced, short direct quotations from some of the material read in order to support valid conclusions they have drawn in response to their chosen question(s). The published material the student refers to will be cited in a reference list at the end of the assignment constructed using a format recommended on the module. The majority of the material the student draws upon in constructing their answer will be sourced from professional academic journals, text-books and university web-sites of an appropriate academic standard. A limited quantity of non-academic material may be used where the chosen question demands reference to non-academic material. The students will display an ability to critically assess the published material they draw upon in answering their chosen question. The structure of responses to the assessment tasks will assist the reader in understanding the student s responses to those tasks; the form of communication will be appropriate to the assessment task; the arguments used in responses will be sound and coherent, and the student will display an ability to use appropriate technical and/or conceptual language and/or skills, as required, with confidence.

Other levels of work The further a student s work diverges from the ideal described above, the lower their resulting grade is likely to be.

Learning Outcomes Met:

1. Understand the process of critical reasoning and employ that understanding in the support of the student s personal development as a learner
2. Be able to use cognitive skills to apply a given range of techniques and concepts to more effectively analyse retrieve and organise information relating to issue in the management of organisations.
3. (assessed by the group presentation separately)
4. Be able to effectively express ideas through the structured use of written formats

Guidance Notes

(a) Because you have worked with a group of students in preparing the question, topic or task on this module, the risks of being accused of plagiarism are increased (see further details at the end of this document). Make no mistake: this final assignment must be your work alone.
(b)Please indicate the total number of words used at the end of the work.
(c) The word limit is a challenging constraint and should not be regarded as a signal for relaxation. It is more, not less difficult to produce satisfactory work in such a relatively small number of words. The word you employ in the quotations you use and your Reference List are part of your answer and will be counted.
(d) We do not want you simply to extract apparently relevant sections from appropriate information sources and then regurgitate them in undigested form in your assignment. Assignments constructed in that manner are extremely unlikely to attain a pass grade. We would like you to read appropriate material in a critical manner, and then write a coherent response to the assignment task above using coherent, sound arguments based upon your own understanding of the subject matter. We are looking for evidence that you understand and have integrated the module content and are able to apply that knowledge to the construction of coherent arguments in the completion of the task specified above.
NB although uncritical, indiscriminate regurgitation of the reading material is to be avoided, you are welcome to make limited use of properly referenced direct quotations from that material following the guidelines for the use of quotations supplied with this module.
(e) Please use  1.5 lines spacing when typing your assignment and at least 12 point sized font to facilitate marking/reading.
(f) It is not necessary to present your work in expensive packaging; a simple staple will suffice. If you insist on using a plastic folder with fasteners through punched holes in the assignment, please leave at least a 4 cm gap at the left-hand margin (we need the space to write comments in when marking your work).
(g) All formal written work may be retained after marking until the relevant Examination Board procedures have been completed. In the interests of security you are strongly recommended therefore to make and retain a copy of your work before submission.
(h) In addition to the instructions described above, your work will be assessed with reference to the criteria detailed in the document entitled:  Common problems in the written work of students that can be found by accessing this website:
(i) Make sure you actually state the wording of the question, topic or task you are trying to answer at the top of the first page of your assignment.

The use of quotations in your written work on the Critical Reasoning Module
Last modified 20.9.10

Like many other topics connected to writing practice, there are no internationally agreed rules when it comes to deciding how many direct or indirect quotations you should use used in your written work, or how long those quotations should be and how they should be referenced. On the Critical Reasoning module we are particularly interested in your ability to take evidence from high quality academic sources and integrate it  in the form of quotations into your arguments in the module s assessed work. Consequently the following pages offer you a guide to the use of quotations and citations that we want you to use in the assignment on this module only.

NB these rules do not apply to other modules. If you are unsure what style staff want you to adopt on other modules, you should ask them for guidance.

What is an indirect reference?

With an indirect reference you do not quote any actual words from another publication, instead you merely list the author s name, the year of publication and the page where the idea(s) you are referring to appear in the other publication. This extract was taken from a student assignment:

Companies in the South Korean electronic industry in the 1990s were merely protecting themselves (Clark, 1979, p. 32). As a result they became leaders in their area of the industry.

All of the words in this extract were written by the student. The reference is in the brackets and this student is referring to material about the way Korean companies protected themselves that appears on page 32 of a book that was published in 1979 and written by an author whose surname is  Clark .

We do not want you to use indirect quotations on the Critical Reasoning module. Do not copy this format in your work for the module.

What is a direct quotation?

Whereas an indirect reference merely refers to the author, year of publication and page number in the publication to which it refers, a direct quotation includes some of the words used in the original publication that is referred to. Here is an example of a direct quotation taken from a student assignment:

Hong Kong is a good example of East Asian Economies whose government has adopted a non interventionist policy and enjoyed a high level of economic growth. Support for this claim can be found as follows:

Despite the activities of various government departments, Hong Kong is often cited as an example of a laissez-faire economy where business thrives in an environment where the government is limited to its basic functions of maintaining law and order, guaranteeing property right and provision of infrastructure.