Critically evaluate the impact of music filesharing on the production of new music.

Below is the document that accompanies the essay titles. Attached is one of 3 suggested materials by the module convenor, along with GieseCommunity Property and Lessig Free Culture. These texts can be referenced in the essay and indeed would probably be welcomed by the marker.



COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES

Advice on answering essay questions





General essay-writing advice



Reading, sources and referencing

” You need to demonstrate familiarity with a range of reading (around six references is about right), comprehension of the ideas, and make connections between the different readings, building (or  synthesising ) them into a coherent, structured argument.

” Ensure that you understand the jist of the authors overall argument  don t just take a couple of quotes out of context

” Don t feel limited to the readings listed under the topic.

o Use the library (e.g. keyword search, author search, browsing a journal like Media, Culture and Society, etc).

o Use relevant reading or theory from another module if you can show how it applies to the question.

o Similarly, you can use readings from other topics  e.g. if you wanted to cite Lessig or Shirky in relation to social networking sites or the digital divide, feel free, as long as you can show how it is relevant.

” On a new media module it perhaps seems unfair to ask you not to use Wikipedia, but please DO NOT CITE IT  by all means read it, but pay attention to any issues raised on the quality of the article, and follow up the links in the references to consult the source material directly and evaluate its reliability yourself.

” As a general rule, you can tell a website is reliable if it is a university (in this country .ac.uk), government (.gov.uk), or established media website; some charity and other NGO websites (.org) are professional and reliable. A well-run website will look professional, have copyright / last updated dates, have contact information, and will demonstrate credentials in an  about us section.

” Reference carefully to attribute any ideas referred to  even if you do not use direct quotation  if ideas are used without attribution this will be judged as plagiarism.

” Use the Harvard (author, date) system, and give a full list of references in he bibliography at the end in alphabetical order. If you are unsure of the format, consult the module handbook to see how the readings are listed (excluding the chapter numbers).

” If using a source s citation of another source that you have not read in the original, reference both  e.g. (Smith 1980, cited in Jones 1990, p10)  but only put the source you have read (e.g. Jones 1990) in the bibliography.

” Only put sources you have referred to in the text in the bibliography.



Evidence and examples

” Avoid making unsubstantiated claims such as  it is well-known that&  or  some people argue that&   always support your assertions either with reference to the literature or to a report, statistics, or a specific example, citing the source of your evidence (e.g. number of Facebook users from transmission communication), and if you can, apply them to examples

” Draw a conclusion on whether unconstrained file-sharing would have a positive or negative effect on the range and quality of music produced.

Harvard Referencing System (author, date) + full list of references in bibliography at the end, in alphabetical order



If using a source s citation of another source that you have not read in the original, reference both  e.g. (Smith 1980, cited in Jones 1990, p10)  but only put the source you have read (e.g. Jones 1990) in the bibliography.