Discuss how the third world is being impacted by the current climate change regime and how it can engage

Discuss how the Third World is being impacted by the current climate change regime and how it can engage.

This essay is designed to define what the third world is, give a definition of climate change, it will discuss how the climate has had an impact on the third world economically, ecologically (environment), and socially and how the third world is engaging. And finally the essay will give a conclusion of the question.

What is the third world? These are the countries that are termed or referred to as poor or under developed due to lack of proper infrastructure, technology, and lack of machinery to carry out their work.

What is climate change? Any process that brings about changes to the climate system, the components of climate could range from volcanic eruptions; cyclical change in solar activity. According to the guardian accessed on (01/03/2011) a?the term climate change is most often used as shorthand for anthropogenic climate change a in other words, climate change caused by humans. The principal way in which humans are understood to be affecting the climate is through the release of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the aira?.

Since the environment is mostly affected by climate change, agriculture is facing competition owing to quite a lot of reasons such as increased rivalry for land, water and labour from non-agricultural sectors and increasing climatic unpredictability. The latter connected with global warming will result in significantly seasonal/annual unprediction in food production. All agricultural products are susceptible to such unpredictability. Droughts, floods, tropical cyclones, heavy precipitation events, hot extremes and heat waves are known to unconstructively have impact on agricultural products, and farmersa livelihood. (Kumar et al 2011) asserts that, a?It has been projected by the recent report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and a few other global studies that unless we adapt, there is a probability of 10a 40% loss in crop production in India by 2080a 2100 due to global warming1a 4, despite beneficial aspects of increased CO2a?.







Agriculture and grazing currently occupy 40 percent of the earthas land surface. a?Overall, agriculture is responsible for 6 per cent of the worldas GDPa?, states Mandelsohn and Dinar (2009, p. 544). In a lot of developing countries, agriculture is a most important sector of the economy and is the prime source of livelihood for about 70 percent of the rural residents. Climate changes usually have an effect on famers all over the world. Climate change affects both crops and farm animals in different ways either directly or indirectly, on the other hand, there are adequate facts to expect that climate change will affect agricultural productivity. (Mandelsohn and Dinar (2009, p. 546) further asserts that a?both controlled laboratory experiment and field experience reveals that each crop or animal has an optimal range of climate in which that crop or animal yields the highest growth and production. Sub-optimal climate conditions lead to lower growth rates and production levelsa?. Different factors directly or indirectly affects the capability of crops and livestock to grow and produce in a given climate, factors such as soil and water may act together with climate and change the connection of climate and production.

The environment has turned out to be the main victim of climate change, sea and the coastal areas are in the middle of the major affected areas. The environmental impact that is caused by the climate change particularly on the coastal area is a big concern to the fishing industry. This severe temperature is also likely to further raise sea level by expanding ocean water, the a?International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that the global average sea level will raise between 0.6 and 2 feet (0.18 to 0.59 meters) in the next centurya? (Shaffril et al 2011). Salinity of surface water and ground water through salty water intrusion when the sea level rises will increase the sea level hence pushing salty water upstream, then the existing water intakes might draw on salty water during dry season. Salinity increases in estuaries can also damage marine plants and animals that do not put up with high salinity. Moreover, the harmful impact of the climate change also will have an effect on cold and cool water species in low latitudes where destruction is likely to increase and biodiversity will decline. Without a doubt, these will have depressing impact on the quantity and quality of the marine fish. On top of it, climate change will bring harms to the coral reef.







There are many ways that the climate change can cause harms to the coral reef, ocean warming is one way that the climate is causing harm to the coral reef by directly reducing coral wrap through coral bleaching, marine warming can in some way kill corals by magnifying the effects of contagious diseases. Ocean currents also will be changed by the climate change. The Third World is being impacted by the current climate change and they only account for 25 per cent of the present emission. The Kyoto Protocol which was negotiated in 1997, and set an objective of an average of 5 per cent decrease of greenhouse gases (GHG), did not set any control objectives for unindustrialized countries. According to Woodbridge (2004, p. 328), states that, a?Roughly 75 per cent of present of present emissions still come from industrialised nations, the advanced economies should bear the main burden of rectifying the problema?. The Third Worlds emissions are rising so fast and will equal or surpass the volume

of emission from the developed world and that will add an impact onto the already existing problem that the third world is already facing.



In Malaysia, the productivity of the fisheries sector has been influenced by climate change. The potential alteration in temperature and rainfall are expected to have considerable impact on extent and the value of the sea Fauna. It is not acknowledged just how this prevalent warming would have an effect on the flow and the sea food chain over the long run. a?This can be the potential threat if some parts of the marine food chain may not adopt, some of the species will migrate to the other parts of the sea to avoid the warm temperature caused by climate change. Many commercially valuable marine food sources may totally disappear from our water and could affect the income source of the fishermena?. (Shaffril et al 2011). Hence this will hinder the development of the fishermen and thus have a negative impact on their social life. The indirect effects of climate change would without a doubt lead to a growth of the region under the influence of the malaria infested mosquitoes. a?This will lead to an increase global population exposed to malaria from current 45% to 60% by the next half centurya?. (Shaffril et al 2011).











CONCLUSION



Based on the essay, it can be argued that climate change does have harmful impact on the environment. It is generally likely to mess up the future efforts to trim down Malnutrition even after trade and industry growth is taken into account. It is essential to boost food access and progress socio economic circumstances, as well as decrease greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change is in general accumulative problem; the release of the greenhouse gases by small producers are not a challenging as such, but simply after the collective of all the emissions has reached a dangerous threshold amount. Coastal, sea areas, temperature of Fauna are in the midst of the environment components that are crucially affected. On the other hand, it is further fundamental to find out that the climate change will not have an effect on the environment alone; it also will transport threats to the neighbourhood which in fishermen live. Based on the essay it can be concluded that the climate change will change the permanence of the farmers yield and fishermens quality of life where the aspects of economic,