Emographic Data to Examine Health Disparities
Using Demographic Data to Examine Health Disparities
Health policy-makers in the United States are interested in statistical information related to the health of minority cultural groups. Your task is to use data already gathered to provide further local and national information to the policy-makers.
1. Use the following data sources to answer questions 1A-1D below:
a? Total U.S. population and total estimated Hispanic/Latino Population in 2006-2008 from the following dataset: 2006-2008 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates (Survey: American Community Survey)
a? Cumulative estimated number of AIDS Diagnoses through 2009 from the following dataset: CDC HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas. Exclude Dependent Areas in your analysis.
A. What was the annual incidence rate of AIDS (per 100,000 population) among the U.S. population in 2009?
B. What was the annual incidence rate of AIDS (per 100,000 population) among Hispanics/Latinos in 2009?
C. What is the prevalence rate of AIDS (per 100,000 population) among the U.S. population based on data received through 2009?
D. What is the prevalence rate of AIDS (per 100,000 population) among Hispanics/Latinos based on data received through 2009?
E. Compare the incidence and prevalence rates between Hispanic/Latino population and the U.S. population. Explain possible reasons for differences.
F. What does the following graph suggest regarding the spread and survivability of AIDS? infections-lg.jpg
2. Use data from Table G (p. 15) of the National Vital Statistics Report (March 2010) to answer the following question:
A. Compare differences between ethnic groups in terms of the three leading causes of death.
B. When would you use an age-adjusted mortality rate instead of a standard mortality rate?
3. Use the following data from US Dept of Health and Human Services Evidence of Trends, Risk Factors, and Intervention Strategies to answer the following question:
A. Compare differences between race/ethnic groups in terms of neonatal and post-neonatal mortality rates. Which ethnic group has the highest neonatal and post-neonatal mortality rates?
B. What factors contribute to the differences between neonatal and post-neonatal mortality rates?
Case Assignment Expectations
Case assignments should be between 3 to 8 pages (750-2000 words) in length.
References: At least two references must be included from academic sources (e.g. peer-reviewed journal articles). Required readings are included. Quoted material should not exceed 10% of the total paper (since the focus of these assignments is critical thinking). Use your own words and build on the ideas of others. When material is copied verbatim from external sources, it MUST be enclosed in quotes. The references should be cited within the text and also listed at the end of the assignment in the References section (APA format recommended).
Organization: Subheadings should be used to organize your paper according to question
Format: APA format is recommended for this assignment. See Syllabus page for more information on APA format.
Grammar and Spelling: While no points are deducted, assignments are expected to adhere to standards guidelines of grammar, spelling, punctuation, and sentence syntax. Points may be deducted if grammar and spelling impact clarity.
The following items will be assessed in particular:
a? Achievement of learning objectives for case assignment
a? Relevance (e.g. all content is connected to the question)
a? Precision (e.g. specific question is addressed. Statements, facts, and statistics are specific and accurate).
a? Depth of discussion (e.g. present and integrate points that lead to deeper issues)
a? Breadth (e.g. multiple perspectives and references, multiple issues/factors considered)
a? Evidence (e.g. points are well-supported with facts, statistics and references)
a? Logic (e.g. presented discussion makes sense, conclusions are logically supported by premises, statements, or factual information)
a? Clarity (e.g. writing is concise, understandable, and contains sufficient detail or examples)
a? Objectivity (e.g. avoid use of first person and subjective bias)