Eography 3 essays edit each one down to 1100 words

Edit this essay to 1100 words
Geography And The Study Of The Environment But Mainly The Scientific Revolution
Introduction (Classical Beginnings)
Intellectual curiosity is the essence of human nature that led to all the achievements mankind.
This essay is a very short story of very long period. It would be difficult to summarize such a vast subject in such a brief space. It starts from the antiquity to the present era. The whole essay will discuss that how human intellectual curiosity compelled human being to do such a great jobs as described below. The revolution of science is described in the light of Geographic development in accordance with the scientific achievements.
Geography as a discipline
The word Geography is derived from the Greek words Gaea means Earth”, and graphein meaning To describeand To write”. Geography is the study of the surface of the earth, the location and distribution of its physical and cultural features. Geography is also the study of the planetary variation of both natural and human phenomena on Earth.
Geography is the branch of science that uses the same elements as the other sciences but in a different way. It uses data by elaborating maps as its tool.. The methodical approach organizes geographical knowledge into different divisions.
A Prelude
Study of Geography is as old as human history. It was systematically studied by the ancient Greeks, who also developed a philosophy of geography. Many Greek philosopher made great contribution to the foundation of Geography. The most prominent of them were Thales, Eratosthenes, Aristotle, Strabo, and Ptolemy. The Romans also made contributions to geography by mapping of previously unknown lands. The Arabs also bequeathed in the progress of Geography during the Middle Ages.
The Classical School
As stated in beginning intellectual curiosity is the essence of human nature that led to all the achievements mankind. Human beings were involved in pondering over nature since prehistoric period. The real initial recorded achievements were of Greeks. Thales was the first recorded Greek philosopher. He was first person whose mythology was used to explain the nature of the physical world. He introduced geometry and was a prominent astronomer of those days. He was the first man who started the real process of pondering and predicting.
Raphaelss School Of Athens 1509
Although chronologically mentioning Raphael Sanzio is not correct but it will give us a continuation. Raphael Sanzio, was the great painter and philosopher with whose name Raphaels  s School of Athens is famous. During those days of 16th century the meaning of the great old ages was being rediscovered and absorbed in Europe. His painting show pictorially the constellation of great Greek philosophers in a beautiful way. The two great scholars Plato and Aristotle are present at the centre of the painting depicting following messages mentioned in bold.
Plato  Lookout to the perfection Of the Heavens for truth
Plato the great Greek Philosopher was also a good astronomer. He was among the first few great people who studied the Sky with their limited resources and revealed many facts that are still relevant with some minor amendments.
Aristotle  look around you at what is if you would know the truth
Aristotle was of the two great philosophers of Greece, Plato and Aristotle, the latter was the one who relied on observation. Raphaels The School of Athens shows the two great philosophers in the center of the painting, surrounded by the other great Greeks, with Plato holding his hand upright as if to indicate, Look to the perfecti on of the heavens for truth,while Aristotle holds his arm straight out, implying Look around you at what is if you would know the truth.We shall look deeper in Aristotles ideas.
Meterorologica 340 BC
Aristotles Meteorologica is the considered oldest study on meteorological subjects. The bulk of information proved uncorrect according to modern research but it is considered authority in those days and upto recent years. The Greek philosophers developed their theories and philosophies just by observation and intellectual pondering, but they never done any experiments to prove their theories. Yet their theories were quite correct if not correct they proved the foundation of the modern scientific advancements.
For example great philosopher Pythagoras  s some theories and theorems are still relavent and
Plato was deeply interested in Pythagoreanism, but he is curiously reserved about Pythagoras. He only mentions him once by name in all his writings, and all we are told then is that he won the affections of his followers in an unusual degree by teaching them a Way of life,which was still called Pythagorean..
Aristotle also wrote a special treatise on the Pythagoreans which has not come down to us, but from which quotations are found in later writers. These are of great value, as they have to do with the religious side of Pythagoreanism.
The level reached by the Greeks in astronomy and engineering is impressively shown by the Antikythera mechanism. In 1901 divers working off the isle of Antikythera found the remains of a clocklike mechanism 2,000 years old. This ancient equipment had a mechanism appears to be a device for calculating the motions of stars and planets.
Strabo a great Greek geographer, historian, and philosopher. He studied in Asia Minor, Greece, Rome, and Alexandria and traveled in Europe, N Africa, and W Asia. Primarily a historian, he wrote a group of historical sketches (47 books) quoted by later authors but almost entirely lost. His Geographia, written subsequently, is based on his own observations and on the works of his predecessors. The Geographia is divided into 17 books
The systematic search for natural laws can be said to start with Hellenic civilization, which reached its zenith in the 4th century BC, and served as the intellectual background for western civilization up to the time of the Scientific Revolution. The philosophies of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle being preeminent during this period, while Hippocrates laid the foundations of medicine as a branch of science.
The military campaigns of Alexander the Great spread Greek thought through Egypt, Asia Minor, Persia, and to the Indus River. The resulting Hellenistic civilization produced seats of learning in Alexandria and Antioch along with Greek speaking populations across several monarchies.
An Italian scholar as described by Lucio Russo, in his book The Forgotten Revolution as founder of Science. He claims science was actually born in the 3rd century B.C., due to the work of personalities like Euclid, Archimedes, and many other prominent scholars
Elements written by Euclid was the most important book in mathematics until recent years. Its beauty is in its logical development of geometry and other branches of mathematics. It has influenced all branches of science but none so much as mathematics and the exact sciences.
Ptolemy the great philosopher and astronomer he described many of the constellations used today. His system also became the correct description for the motions of the heavens. Roman era contributions include expanding knowledge of anatomy and physiology by the physician Galen.
The Medieval Period
Greek philosophy was able to find some short promotion and enhancement in the Middle East. Islamic research and scholarship lasted until the 14th century. This research was aided by several factors. Many prominent philosphers and scholars did their research during this period. They provided a start to Europe for renaissance. Some of the famous scientists and philosophers are mentioned here.
Al Balki
Al-Balki, chief of the University of Baghdad. He was a contemporary of al-Razi who wrote many contradicting accounts about al-Razis books. His disagreements with al-Razi entailed his thoughts on the concept of Time
Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known Philos