Eology Topic choice #13 (Early diagnetic processes in saline, alkaline lakes) as in order instructions

GEOL 450 Term Paper 2012
Select any paper title from the list provided (two or more people can select the same title,
but you may be chasing the same library resources). Sorry, but no alternative titles will
be accepted.
You do not need to check with me when selecting a topic. Interpret the title as you wish,
but the paper must show that you have consulted a reasonable number of original sources
on the topic. Term papers that summarise (paraphrase) just one or two sources will not
score as highly as those that demonstrate breadth in coverage of the literature on the
The paper should be written as a technical paper using standard scientific style. It will by
necessity be a short review of the literature on the topic because no original results are
being presented. It should be conceptually up-to-date.
Each paper needs a 200 to 250-word abstract (single spaced) that summarises the main
points of the paper. The abstract should be informative and factual rather than merely
descriptive. See, for example, the following for advice (or look up abstract writing in
The text should provide a general Introduction to the topic, followed by the main details
about the topic, a short Discussion (if appropriate), and some Conclusions. The
Discussion (not essential) is where you have an opportunity to express some opinions on
the topic by, for example, assessing or comparing ideas presented in different papers.
However, avoid a?I think that . . .a? a keep any discussion in neutral (non-personal)
language. Look at published papers to get an idea of what is included in a Discussion
This should be followed by a reference list of papers read and any credible websites
consulted (not Wikipedia), using one standard geological journal reference format (e.g.
Sedimentology, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, etc.).
The text should be doublea?spaced, the abstract and references singlea?spaced. Use
headings and subheadings and cite references in the text (Jones, 1997; Smith et al., 2008)
in the normal manner of most geological journals.
Include a reasonable number of useful Figures (diagrams, etc.), as appropriate, citing the
source of the figure in the caption. Defining a?reasonablea? is difficult, but if half of the
term paper is full-page figures, that is too many!
The maximum length should be 18 pages, including all figures and references, but
excluding the cover page. The minimum expectation is 15 pages.
Good grammar and attention to detail are expected. Proof read the paper before you hand
it in a make corrections if needed.
The firm deadline for submission is 2:00 pm on Friday 23 November
as stapled hard copy (i.e. not as an e-mailed PDF).
The paper is worth 25% of the course. After 2:00 pm on 23 November, there will be an
automatic 10% deduction per day for late submissions (i.e. it will be marked out of 90 at
2:00 pm on 23rd, 80 on the 24th, etc.). No exceptions a you have two months to meet the
In assessing the paper, 16% of the 25% will be based on scientific content, and 9% will
be based on presentation (4%) and grammar (5%). Keep the layout simple and easy to
Examinations begin just over a week later. It is in your best interest to start early in order
to obtain resources needed.
If you cannot easily locate sufficient recent literature on a topic, select a different one at
an early stage so as not to waste time. I will provide personal help on how to write the
paper but will not supply any references for you. You must locate them yourself.
TOPICS a Selected any one of the 15 titles
1. Lacustrine sedimentation on Mars.
2. Precambrian lakes and their palaeoenvironmental interpretation
3. Using lake sediments as records of palaeoseismicity.
4. Mono Lake, California: its sedimentation and history.
5. The palaeolimnological evidence for historical acidification of lakes in northwestern
6. The impact of sublacustrine thermal springs on lake sedimentation and lake
7. The Holocene palaeoclimate of southern and central Saskatchewan: evidence from
lake sediment records.
8. The limnology, geochemistry and biology of the McMurdo Dry Valley Lakes of
9. The importance of meromixis in formation of lacustrine source rocks.
10. The genesis and significance of turbidites in the geological record of lacustrine
11. The geological record and importance of sponges in lakes.
12. The impact of agriculture on Post-Glacial lake sedimentation in Europe.
13. Early diagenetic processes in saline, alkaline lakes.
14. The geological history of the Caspian Sea.
15. The depositional setting, origin and economic importance of lacustrine borates.