Ernest hemingways failed relationships during his life greatly affected the way that he wrote about women in his stories.

i would like this paper to be about how hemingways relationships during his life affected the ways that he expressed women and their roles in the world in his writing.


Topic: The Topic must be a literary analysis of at least one primary source covered in class. Students must submit their topic choices to me in a brief (2-3 sentence) written or emailed format. Topics must be cleared by me.

Additional Guidelines:

1. The research process is important to learn because all jobs require you to take ideas from different sources and sort through them to answer a question. Furthermore, documentation of your research sources is necessary so that other readers can verify the reasonableness of your conclusions and also duplicate your reasoning process.

2. You should assume that your audience consists of readers who are already familiar with the short stories but not with the criticsa reaction to them, or the events of Ernest Hemingwayas or Raymond Carveras life, or their literary output as a whole.

3. You do not necessarily have to organize your research paper according to the order of events in the plot; in fact, it is probably best to proceed in whatever order seems appropriate to your thesis. If you are focusing on characters, for instance, describe them in whatever order is most logical to you; there probably is no need to follow the plot for that topic.

4. You must have a total of at least ten sources which you actually cite in your paper. The word a?sourcesa? means different essays, articles, and books, either by Ernest Hemingway/Raymond Carver (a?primary sourcesa?) or by literary critics (a?secondary sourcesa?). The short stories themselves do not count as part of these ten. You might need to look at fifteen or twenty sources before you find ten that are useful to your topic. Keep in mind that some sources are more valuable than others and will be cited by you more often than others. Accordingly, even if you cite a source only one time, it still counts as one of your ten required sources. Also note that you do not have to agree with a critic in order to refer to his or her ideas; you are free to dispute them.

5. In theory, you could find all ten of your sources in just one book such as a Hemingway/Carver critical edition (containing critical essays) or just one electronic database, but in reality you are not permitted to do so. In other words, more than one source can be taken from the same book or electronic database, but you cannot take all of your sources from the same book or electronic database. The reason for this rule is that any collection is affected by the editoras choices of what to include and what to exclude. Accordingly, you need a variety of sources or collections in order to obtain a variety of viewpoints.

6. No more than two Websites can be cited (not to be confused with articles found in electronic databases, upon which there is no limit).

7. Study guides such as Spark Notes, Cliffs Notes, etc., whether online or in print, do not count as valid sources to be cited or consulted. Similarly, encyclopedias, whether online or in print, also must not be used. Thus, Wikipedia is not an optiona sorry.

8. The paper should be organized like a typical 500-word essay, but on a larger scale. It must run at least 2,500 words, which should equate to at least eight double-spaced pages in a normal size 12 font (not counting the list of works cited at the end). Thus, instead of spending one paragraph on each point that is mentioned in your thesis statement, in your research paper you will devote several pages to each point.

9. Typical paragraphs within the research paper are comprised of claims (i.e., statements of your opinion) followed by examples from the short stories to demonstrate your point, followed by quotations or paraphrases of critics to further support your point, followed by your comment on the meaning or significance of the quote or paraphrase.

10. No more than 15% of your total word count (excluding the list of Works Cited) can be comprised of direct quotations. Thus, there is no limit on the number of ideas that you can borrow from other sources, but you must paraphrase -rather than quote -many of them.

11. Use a normal font such as Times New Roman at size 12 or Courier at size 12. Note that these are no longer the default setting in the newest version of Microsoft Word (i.e., Word 2007), so you will need to adjust the font accordingly.

12. Use present tense verbs to describe characters and events from the novel. For example, a?Harry Street contemplates his past successes and failures as he awaits his death.a?

13. Your thesis cannot be neutral. Your opinion counts! In other words, you must take a stand and display it within the first page of your paper. Do not wait until the end of the paper to make up your mind. By asserting your thesis at the beginning of the paper, you will be able to devote the remainder of the paper to providing evidence with which to prove your claim.

14. Avoid the use of I, me, my, and mine, as well as you and yours except when they appear within material that you are quoting.

15. The goal of this paper is to help the reader to better understand the short stories of Ernest Hemingway/Raymond Carver, not the authorsa lives. You should mention their lives only when doing so helps to explain something about the stories. Thus, individual short stories should be mentioned frequently throughout your research project.

16. Use the MLA style for citation of sources within your text as well as in the list at the end of your text. These rules are summarized in Ch. 34 of The Pocket Wadsworth Handbook, which is easily accessed by going to the tab marked a?MLA Documentation Style.a? The rules will also be discussed in class.

17. When you use essays from a collection of essays that originally appeared elsewhere, recall that additional entries in your list of works cited are required.

18. Remember that, according to the MLA rules, no separate title page is used.

19. All lines throughout the entire research paper, including in the list of works cited at the end, should be double-spaced.

20. Be sure to integrate quotations into your own writing as explained on pages 173-76 of The Pocket Wadsworth Handbook. For long quotations (those that would fill five or more lines when you type them in your paper), see pages 101-02.

21. Research papers which do not contain at least 2,500 words (not counting the Works Cited page) automatically fail. Research papers which do not utilize at least ten sources (not counting the novel) automatically fail as well. Research papers which have plagiarism also fail automatically. Of course, even research papers with a sufficient number of words, sources, and original ideas might not pass due to other factors such as poor logic and improper grammar.