Fter 1994 Rwandan Genocide; Reconciliation Process
Thesis: is reconciliation process in Rwanda Possible after 1994 Genocide? And were the efforts made effective? Argumentative paper
Division of the Paper:
a? Brief short introduction
a? Brief History Background; 1994 Rwandan Genocide
a? The life in Rwanda After 1994
a? The Main Part:Reconciliation Efforts
o The local efforts for reconciliation
o The role of the United Nations in reconciliation process
a? The connection between reconciliation and justice
In 1994, Rwanda witnessed a destructive nature of a genocide that took place in the context of 100 days that was derived and fuelled by years of conflicts and tensions between the two main ethnic groups in Rwanda; Hutus and Tutus. A slaughter of hundreds and thousands of Tutsi and few moderate Hutus took place within this period. The genocide left horrifying impacts and consequences in Rwanda, with thousands of Tutsi being killed, almost all Tutsi women and girls were raped, groups being displaced, thousands of refugees, and many others.
The question is, after experiencing such a conflict and destructive civil war, and being through all this devastation, what is the situation the country will be in? And then, is reconciliation a possible process in post-conflict period. In answering this question, this paper will examine such process in Rwanda after the genocide and what are the steps the country took forward. Therefore, after providing a brief history about the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, the first focus of the paper will be presenting the situation of Rwanda right after the genocide and their life today and most importantly how the country with their ethnical differences are able coexist with each other. This part mainly will be a descriptive of the situation. From this point, the paper will examine the reconciliation process in Rwanda since 1994. Exploring the efforts and attempts that were taken to rebuild and reconstruct Rwanda post the genocide. Therefore, under this part, the focus will be as well to assess these efforts made by different countryas institutions and parties, and see whether they were effective, whether the results were promising, and whether the reconciliation in such situation is impossible in the first place? After examining and assessing the attempts of reconciliation in Rwanda through their different parties and from different aspects, the third part of the paper will focus on the role of the United Nations in this process of reconciliation in Rwanda through the different procedures that the United Nations adopt, including peacekeeping and peacebuilding missions. Thus, the question in this section will be how the United Nations contribute in reconciliation process aftermath the Rwandan genocide and whether they were able to achieve something or not. Finally, the paper will provide a conclusion that summarizes the paper by discussing briefly the main topics of this research paper from a personal perspective.