Fter reading the guidelines of the paper you can choose. There is a whole list of suggestions on the instruction that I have attached.


Your major assignment for AVN 540 this quarter is to draft and later submit a written Technical Paper (15 type written, double spaced pages). Note that the syllabus calls for a 7 page DRAFT by the sixth week. It will be edited and returned, you are expected to read and comply with the instructions in that edited draft. The objective of the project is to give you a chance to work in depth in one topic important to Human Factors in Aviation.

The grading criteria for the project are shown on the score sheet included later in this handout (p. 8). The following is a list of general topics related to aviation human factors for your consideration:

1. Pilot Judgment and Aeronautical Decision Making; Naturalistic Decision Making
2. Cockpit (and / or Crew) Resource Management; OR Customer Relations Mgmt.
3. Cockpit Technology Displays, Controls & Voice Recognition / Speech Synthesis
4. ATC Automation Collision Avoidance, Paper Flight Progress Strip
Replacement by Electronic Data Entry, Free Flight, Safe Skies, etc.
5. Visual or Auditory Perception and Effective Scenario Simulations
6. Pilot Workload Effects and Measures, Stress, Boredom, Fatigue, Circadian Rhythm
7. Training Methods and the Instructor/Operator StationCAI or Adaptive Training
8. Simulation Techniques and MethodsFor Training or Research
9. Pilot Selection, Testing, and Certification Using Synthetic Flight Simulation Tasks and
Other Forms of Simulation for Ability Assessment and Performance Prediction
10. Pilot Reliability Scenarios to Assess Sources of Pilot Error; LOFT / AQP, etc.
11. Accident Investigation Using Simulators to Reconstruct the Event, Especially the
Performance Aspects Associated with the Precursors to a Particular Accident
12. Other topics related to human factors considerations in any aspect of aviation:
a. Communication: interpersonal, group, task, and corporate
b. Assertiveness / Conflict Resolution
c. Manpower/personnel/ training issues with Uninhabited Aerial Systems
d. Teamwork / Collaboration
e. Workload and other ATC problems associated with the introduction of VLJs
f. Emotional Intelligence
g. Corporate Culture
h. Attribution Theory / Dissonance Theory
i. Toxicology / Alcohol / Drugs tolerance levels and performance effects
j. Hypo / hyper glycemia, hypertension, and other medical conditions
In addition to the Engineering & Science Library (175 W. 18th ave.), pertinent materials can also be found in the Library in Sullivant Hall (15th and High), the Health Sciences Library (on W. 10th Ave.), and the Biological Sciences Library, in the NE corner of their building at Cannon and 12th Ave. Depending on your topic, you may need to use one or more of these libraries. There are over 4 dozen special libraries on this campus, and you are expected to find and use them, as needed to do the research for this paper.

REQUIRED Format of the Paper

The preparation of your paper is most important to successful completion of this course. Your paper (yes, even the DRAFT due on Monday of Week 6) MUST include a Title Page, a Table of Contents, and the following sections / headings (plus one or more GRAPHIC  chart, table, etc.):


Subheadings of your choosing may be added, but these major headings are MANDATORY.

Focus of Your Paper

The paper should emphasize Scientificissues rather than Operationalissues. For example, most articles in popular aviation magazines such as Flying, AOPA Pilot, Aviation Week & Space Technology, etc. are not acceptable because they are Operationalin their focus and are regarded as  trade publications rather than journals. They may be used to assist in the identification of an issue of importance but are not acceptable as the central focus of the paper and the required literature review. These are regarded as secondary rather than primary sources of information. A Technical Paper must be based on the primary sources, not secondary ones.

The focus should be on Scientificissues and solutions as reported in the professional / literature: scientific journals, published meeting Proceedings, Government Technical Reports, and some (not all) textbooks. Journals are the primary source material from which textbooks are written, and it is necessary for you to find and use this primary source literature for your Technical Paper. Many textbooks are too elementary to use in a Technical Paper or cover topics too superficially. Use the papers presented in the Proceedings of the Symposia on Aviation Psychology, the Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, or some similar professional Conference Proceedings as a model. Finally, the focus of the paper should be some problem within the topic area you have chosen. Do not try to be too broad in covering the chosen area. Rifle in on some (ANY) specific topic; do not try to do all things, for all people, for all time. Identify a problem that is in need of a solution and work on it in depth.


The abstract is a short (Maximum 150 words) summary of the paper. It gives your objective in the paper (the problem), what you found in the literature search (main points), and problem solutions, as recommended in the literature you read (a few of the best). Recommendations from the Journal of Human Factors indicate what should be in a good abstract, provided in separate handout: read and comply with those directions. To avoid making this sound like an introduction, write it LAST!
Statement of the Problem

Identify a problem within your chosen topic area for the paper that needs to be solved. The rest of the paper should focus on developing the solution for this identified problem. You CAN write this section AFTER the literature review, so it better fits what you actually found in your library research. The emphasis of your paper should be reflected in the Statement of the Problem, which can mention background information, but should be no more than 1-2 pages in total length. Mention of Operationalproblems may be made but should not be the main emphasis of the paper.

Literature Review

Your most difficult problem in preparing a good Technical Paper will be finding the literature to support your problem statement and proposed solution. However, as mentioned above, one method is to work backwards: do a literature search on a topic, then prepare the Problem Statement and the Solution section AFTER you get a more complete view of the topic from reading and summarizing the literature -what this section is all about. Therefore, timing is of utmost importance. To assist you in the matter, you will be required to:
1. Turn in a bibliography after the first week of class
2. Turn in a couple of Abstracts of papers you read the next week, and
3. Decide on a topic / paper title by the third week of class.
You may also be asked to provide both a two-minute oral in class, so be prepared!

The literature review should examine research that has been conducted on the chosen problem leading toward a solution. Look at examples of literature reviews in papers from the Symposium on Aviation Psychology and in the text for the course. Papers published in these Symposia Proceedings can serve as reasonable models of what is expected here.

Suggested Solutions

This section of your paper should be used to provide solutions to the problem you identified. These solutions may be your own solutions or those suggested by authors in the literature you reviewed. This does not need to be a particularly long section. A one to three page summary will do.


The paper should contain references not a bibliography. A bibliography is simply a list of books; references are materials you cite in writing your paper. Each time you use an idea from someone else, you should cite a reference to that person s work. WARNING: Oth