Gencies and Domestic Security and Terrorism
Must be at least 3-4 pages not counting the title page and references.
Required to cover the required readings and apply the information provided combined with the studentas research to answer the following questions:
1.Do you agree/disagree with Thurstonas views on the role of the military in Domestic Terrorism? Why? (Thurston, 2007)
2.Explain the interface of CDC and DHS in a domestic bio-terror incident.
3.How would FEMA and the FAA integrate with the DHS, TSA, and Military if a domestic terror incident occurred similar to the events of September 11, 2001?
4.After reading (Haddal, 2010) what do you envision the role and success of the Border Patrol will be in the next five years?
5.In your view (supported by research and citation), do you believe the reorganizations of the first decade of the 21st century to combat domestic terrorism were/are effective? What changes would you recommend and why?
ATF Home Page, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives website: Retrieved November 15, 2012, from: call/docs/10-16/ch_11.asp
Cook, T. (2008). The Posse Comitatus Act: An act in need of a regulatory update. Retrieved November 15, 2012, from: crs/homesec/RL32562.pdf
Vision, mission, core values, and pledge: CDC vision for the 21st Century (2010). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved November 15, 2012, from: mission.htm
Key Supporting Agencies involved with Domestic Security, Defense, and Terrorism:
The role of the military has been and still is limited by the Posse Comitatus Act of 1878. This Act limited the use of the U.S. military within the U.S. borders based on perceived and actual abuses committed during the reconstruction period in the South after the Civil War. The war on drugs declared in the 1980s and still on-going envisioned and uses the military for resources and other areas. The attack on the U.S. on September 11, 2001 spawned new interest and legislation for the use of the military within the borders as well. The limited use of the military, specifically through the new U.S. Northern Command, and the states National Guards has changed the perception and actuality of use of the military. Thurston (2007) covers the background of the use of the military and then provides cases studies from use of the military in Canada and the United Kingdom as possible outcomes for increased use in the United States. Goss (2006) outlines and discusses the role and missions of the military along with the paradigm on how its uses can and should fit with other involved agencies. The use of the U.S. military within the U.S. remains very controversial.
Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
The TSA was created by in 2001 by the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA) which made the TSA responsible for the following as a minimum: (1) the deployment of air marshals, (2) improved airport perimeter security, (3) a 911 emergency call system for aircraft and trains, (4) screening of all passengers, baggage, mail, cargo, and carryon luggage, and (5) chemical and biological weapons detection. (107th Congress, 2001) It is from this Act that the creation of the screeners that most people flying aircraft are in personal contact with the Domestic Security defenses of the U.S. Additional agencies supporting this role but not attached to the TSA include the Federal Aeronautics Administration which is responsible for air traffic control including the hijacking of aircraft; the immigration service which documents non-U.S. citizens entering the USA, Sky Marshals, and airport security.
The U.S. Border Patrol was tasked to patrol the borders of the U.S. under the U.S. Department of Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) until 2002. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 along with creating the DHS also dissolved the INS and placed the USBP within the DHS. The Border Patrol is responsible for patrolling 8,000 miles of U.S. border and controlling migration into the U.S. This role has expanded along with the size of the USBP to include preventing entry of terrorists and weapons of mass destruction.
Transferred from the Treasury Department to the DHS in 2003, the Secret Service is principally responsible for protection services of the leadership of the U.S. However the USSS also shares responsibility for Cyber security with the FBI. (USSS, 2011)
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF)
The ATF was transferred to the Department of Justice as a sub bureau to combat specific types of violent crime. This bureau is partnered with the FBI in the fight against terrorism. Recommend students visit the ATF home page and read the ATF strategic plan. (ATF, 2011)
Center for Disease Control (CDC)
The CDC is the focus point for health issues within the United States. The CDC is mission is the preservation of the public health of the citizens of the US. This is further broken down into a current and operative reporting system that assists specialists in identifying disease outbreaks. Hence, the CDC is vital in bio-terror prevention and preparation. This role is expanded to include all Weapons of Mass Destruction or mass causality events or prevention. (CDC, 2010 and CDC, 2011)
References: At least three references should be included from academic sources (e.g. peer-reviewed journal articles). Required readings are included. Quoted material should not exceed 10% of the total paper (since the focus of these assignments is critical thinking). When material is copied verbatim from external sources, it MUST be enclosed in quotes. The references should be cited within the text and also listed at the end of the assignment in the References section in APA format.