Happiness can be achieved by anyone through improvement of character, meditation, and increasing generosity and kindness
Argument Synthesis Two Essay
The second argument synthesis essay builds upon the skills you have mastered in previous essays. You must be able to critically read, summarize, and critique source materials. An argumentative essay presents your opinion or theory (claim) about a particular topic. The function of the argumentative essay is to demonstrate, with evidence, why your claim has merit. Your goal is to reasonably prove that your claim is somehow more accurate and complete than opposing viewpoints. A synthesis essay utilizes the skills that you have developed in previous essays. You must be able to critically read and summarize the source materials. The goal of an argument synthesis is to use evidence from all of the sources to persuade the reader that a particular claim is true. You must summarize and critique each source and show the relationship among all of these sources.
You will write an 8-10 page researched argument synthesis essay with evidence from at least 6-8 valid and reliable sources. You may use a maximum of 2 articles from Chapter 12 (WRAC); the remaining sources must be found by you. At least 2 sources must address counterarguments to your claim. The Library databases are the best place to find source material. Check the Valid Sources Link and Youtube Video (under External Links). The Argument Synthesis Worksheet and Outline will prepare you to begin the essay. Use MLA documentation and format. Click here for MLA Format Tutorial. The essay is to be typed in 11/12 point font (standard font, such as Times New Roman) and double spaced. You must present a complete Works Cited page. Remember: write in 3rd person.
Throughout the semester (and in previous essays), we have been discussing the concept of happiness. You are now familiar with the philosophical and psychological aspects of happiness. You will write on the topic of happiness with a focus on an area of your interest. I have provided suggestions to help you decide which direction your essay will take; you must narrow it to a focused argument. Choose an area that is of interest to you. You must receive my approval of your topic prior to beginning your essay or finding your sources. If you choose a topic from the suggestion list, you must still inform me of your choice.
Steps for a successful argument synthesis:
– Read the articles carefully. Establish the purpose.
– Reread the articles. Underline each stage of thought. Highlight evidence.
– Title the synthesis. Offer a creative title.
– Summarize the main ideas of each author.
– Evaluate and Choose ideas/evidence that support your claim.
– Define Your Purpose. You need a clear understanding of your claim.
– Make a Claim. This is your thesis. The claim is the point you are trying to prove.
– Summarize, Paraphrase, and Quote the supporting evidence.
– Organize the source evidence. Decide which information is useful and where you will place it in your essay. It works well to save the most important evidence for the end.
– Counterargument. You must use one of the source articles as a counterargument (you canat agree with both sides of your argument). Evaluate the opposing viewpoint for validity. Is the information accurate? Are the arguments logical? Are there any logical fallacies?
– Choose Your Argument Style. What is the most effective way to argue your claim? How should you present the source evidence?
– Use Proper MLA Citation of Sources. Check your handbook.
– Check for transitions. Do not write in short, choppy sentences.
– Check for grammar, punctuation, and spelling.
– As with all academic level essays, DO NOT WRITE IN FIRST PERSON (no I, me, mya¦).
Function. The function of an argumentative essay is to demonstrate that your opinion/position is the more accurate or logical choice.
Reasoning. The argumentative essay must employ an argument of reason, induction, discussion, and a conclusion. It is not simply your opinion. It must not be an emotionally charged argument.
Fallacies. Do not commit the logical fallacies discussed in the textbook. You do want to point out these fallacies as they are committed by the opposing viewpoint.
The Thesis. This is your claim or answer to a specific issue. The thesis
is WHAT you believe.
The Argument. The argument involves the reasoning you use to support your opinion/position. This is the framework for your support. The argument is WHY you believe it.
The Counter-argument. You must present a fair counter-argument for the opposing viewpoint. In order to present a balanced counter-argument, you must have a clear understanding of the issue (not just your side of the argument).
The Refutation. This is your reasoned, supported response to the oppositionas argument. You need to explain why/how your position is more reasonable/logical than that of the opposing side. Look for invalid arguments. Point out flaws in the evidence given by the opposing viewpoint.
Support/Evidence. You must provide valid and reliable evidence.
i have developed my thesis statement to something along the lines of:
happiness is not measurable or definable, but it is witn in each individuals power to obtain by taking time to appreciate and reflect daily upon the things and people in our lives that cultiate the individuals talkents and support the improvement of character and increasing generosity and kindness.
it does not need to stay word for word, but should be along that line of thought.