Highrise, high desity, landscape, airflow and health in megacities

*this project is base on area in Hong Kong and China

*i am studing in city planning

in some cities like hong kong where are really high population, and the building have to be high density for supply the high demand of population. Moreover, many people want to live in front of sea side so many of highrise building were built at sea side or river side, there are became a huge issues for impede airflows and harm residents health and also have a bad effect to the landscape. The wall effects discussion is appears only 1-2 years recently, but this situation has existed in Hong Kong. The super elevation density is the urban phenomenon which Hong Kong is in sole possession of for a long time. From postwar starts the massive populations to emerge, makes the urban density explosive growth. As early as in local and so on 60s North side, and centre of Kowloon old Tang buildings one after another is reconstructed the existing agreement 20 story-high the foreign-style multi-storied building type apartments, becomes a fence to streets vertical face shape, covers the main road nearly. during 1965-78 years construct the Hong Kong first large-scale personal property Standard Oil Company new village, divides eight phase of development to total by 99 cruciform housing building is composed. Although the building only then 20 floor, but added has covered the majority of domains, only provided the very limited outdoors space to do ventilates with the natural lighting.

The project can be defined as an extended study of a concept or issue in planning using both theoretical and empirical knowledge and analysis. The module involves the development of advanced skills and is expected to form part of the studentas specialist pathway. Therefore in undertaking this work it is anticipated that students will build upon knowledge skills and understanding developed in previous modules

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding:

i. Demonstrated an ability to synthesise theoretical concepts and empirical knowledge in relation to a topic or issue within the field of planning and the built environment planning.

ii. Acquired an in depth knowledge and understanding of a specialist subject area within the fields of planning and the built environment.

Disciplinary/Professional and Transferable Skills

Demonstrated research capabilities and be able to design and conduct an investigative study, including:

iii. Defining a topic or problem in relation to methods available for its study.

iv. Gaining experience in writing, assembling and editing an academic document to publication standard.

v. Critically applying a research methodology that analyses evidence from primary and/or secondary sources.

vi. Gaining experience in the use of information sources and the production of a literature review.

vii. Synthesising diverse data and analysing viewpoints relating to policy in order to produce critical conclusions.

viii. Working independently to produce an academic document to a high standard.

The following preliminaries are necessary in the order shown:

(a) The title page should carry the following in the order given:

(a) full title and sub-title,
(b) volume number if applicable,
(c) full name of the author,
(d) qualification (ie Special Study submitted for the……Degree/Diploma),
(e) name of institution (ie Oxford Brookes University),
(f) department (ie Department of Planning),
(g) month and year of submission,

(b) The title should be accurate and concise and should not exceed 40 letters in all, including single spaces between words.

(c) The table of contents should list in sequence with page numbers all relevant subsections, appendices, etc. If there are two volumes the contents of the second volume shall occur in the first volume.

(d) A list of tables and illustrative material in the order in which the tables, etc occur in the text with page numbers.

(e) Acknowledgements

(f) A table of abbreviations, if applicable.

5.3 Abstract

Each project shall contain an abstract of approximately 300 words which must be headed by the bibliographical details of the project as appropriate, ie authors name, initials, date, title of project, title of course, Department of Planning, Oxford Brookes University.

The purpose of the abstract is to:

(a) give the internal and external examiners a brief review of the subject matter

(b) help a potential reader decide whether the project is likely to contain material worthy of his perusal, and

(c) send to those who enquire at the Library about specific subjects

5.4 Introduction

An introductory chapter should outline the context and general aims of the project before explaining the more detailed research question(s) that have been set. There should be a justification for the selection of the substance of the study and the approach you have taken. An explanation of the methodology should be preceded by an evaluation of the range of approaches available. In some projects it may be more appropriate to place the discussion of methodology in a separate chapter as part of the main body of the project. You should seek your supervisors advice on this.

The introduction should end with a clear outline of the structure of the project indicating (briefly) the content and purpose of each chapter.

The introduction will probably be the first and last chapter you write. Your supervisor will ask you to draft an introduction at an early stage in your work. This first chapter will need re-drafting more than any other and a final version will only be produced when most other work has been completed.

5.5 Main Body

The main body will consist of between three and five chapters, which report the collection of evidence and its analysis. Your supervisor will advise you on the detailed organisation of your material into chapters, which will depend upon the topic you have chosen and the research method(s) adopted.

5.6 Conclusions

The conclusions should summarise your main findings and explain how they answer (or not) the research questions set at the start of the project. There should be clear cross-referencing to each chapter so that the reader can readily access the evidence that supports a particular finding. Evidence will rarely produce a conclusion that can be stated with complete certainty. The conclusions should therefore carefully weigh up the balance of evidence.

You should not be afraid of saying that there is some uncertainty about your findings. This may be due either to limitations in the methodology or for other reasons. Therefore you should include as part of your conclusions a critique of your approach showing how the flaws have affected the data collected and/or the interpretation of results and how you think improvements could have been made. In the course of your investigation something will have been learned about the application of methods and techniques and this should also be reported as part of the conclusion.

The concluding chapter should attempt to point out where future research is needed and where applicable include recommendations for practice.

5.7 Bibliography

The bibliography should be alphabetical by author using the conventions of the Harvard (Author-Date) System.

5.8 Appendices

Appendices should follow the main text and the style of the appendices should be consistent with the main text. They enable relevant, but bulky, information (statistics, documents, lists etc) to be included, BUT they should only be included if they are judged by the writer to be important supports to an argument in the text. Appendices should not be used merely to provide copies of sources of information referred to in the text. If you have referenced your work properly then this should be unnecessary.

4.1 Structure

(a) The Study should be consistently divided into chapters and subsections.

(b) Main headings for chapters should be in capitals and subsidiary headings should be in lower c