Hild trafficking in the UK, 21st Century slavery : Challenges and issues faced by Social Work

The course is for an MA in social work, therefore the theme of the paper must always refer to the ethics and values of social work in the UK.
No tabloid, newspaper, TV, or radio references can be used only academic journals, and where necessary books can be used. A minimum of 30 journals must be used.

The paper must include the following: The Human rights Act, Every Child Matters, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002, The Children Act, the mental health Act 2004 -amended 2007, Legislation on private fostering,

Journals and articles that must be included:
Human trafficking: sketchy data and policy responses, Jo Goodey, Journal of criminology and criminal justice 2008, 8, 421.

missing out: study of child trafficking in the north-west, north east and west midlands, ECPAT UK, january 2007

Child trafficking in the UK: an examination of contemporary approaches, Lorinda Norris, internet journal of criminology, 2008

Falling through the gaps: safeguarding children trafficked into the UK, Farrah Bokhari, Journal of children and society, vol 22, 201-211, 2008

Human trafficking: Uk responses, Sally Almandras, house of commons library, 20th July 2009.

HM Government publications:

Safeguarding children who may have been trafficked

Safeguarding children and young people from sexual exploitation: supplementary guidance to working together to safeguard children.

The main points that need to be discussed are:
An overview of what child trafficking is

An examination of the variety of reasons as to why children are trafficked: this is important I want the paper to show that children are not just trafficked for sexual exploitation but boys are trafficked to work in cannabis grow houses and as slaves in kitchens of restaurants and homes.

There are three main countries that are identified for child trafficking, they are: vietnam, china and west africa.

Use the information from the journal: missing out: study of child trafficking in the north-west, north east and west midlands, ECPAT UK, january 2007 to gain a fuller understanding of the issues. especially the issue of identifying children as trafficked and once identified keeping those children safe. reports suggest that the majority of children found then go onto to dissapear and are never found again an argument against this is to change policy and have a guardian for every child thats identified as trafficked. this would help ensure their safety.

an argument surrounding the dangers of globalisation can be used to suggest that an increase in globalisation means an increase in child trafficking; also population explosions means that the cost of buying children is not expensive.

The final part of the paper must focus on the safety and wellbeing of all children; simply sending children back to their country of origin is not good enough. they may be trafficked again or killed once returned home. one of the conclusions can include the fact that to stop child trafficking the need for a child workforce has to be ceased. in the case of cannabis grow houses, that may mean either making the drug leagal or making the punishment so high for growing that the costs are not enough to risk.
Also, a greater understanding of the countries of origin of trafficking needs to be understood in the hope that the problem can be ceased there before children are sent to the UK.

A recap of the points:
*One of the main issues facing Social Services is the high number of children that abscond from care.
*Studies suggest that this is planned by the traffickers prior to the children arriving in the UK a generally back by threats to the lives of family back home.
*The Home Office figures suggest that in 2007, 330 children were identified under the criteria of child trafficking, of the 330, 55% absconded from Social Service care.
*There are several points that Iad like to investigate, such as
*The legal and policy framework a international, European and UK
*The extent of trafficking into the UK a and the difficulties faced assessing children
*The reasons for trafficking, including patterns and kinds of exploitation a this would include private fostering and the dangers faced by children with this type of care.
*Discussion around both boys and girls being trafficked and the reasons for the demand for each.
*Countries of origin, such as West Africa, Vietnam, and China.
*Cannabis cultivation in the UK and Vietnamise child slavery in the UK
*North West of England a 2008-09, authorities found 80 children used as slaves in the kitchens of restaurants
*Smugglers using private fostering arrangements to bring children into the UK and then sell them off to gangs, or private individuals.
*Possible options/difficulties in ceasing trafficking.
*Conflict of children losing their right to stay in the IK once they reach 18 years of age, regardless of how long theyave been in the country a the issues of sending people back to the country of origin
*The role of Social Services a including protection/prosecution and treatment of children and the future of Social Work with regards to these issues.

This is by no means a comprehensive list, though i hope it gives you a good idea of the outline and direction to take.