History american revolutionary period 1763-1815

HIST361  American Revolutionary Era 1763-1815

Please cite any sources used for the answers and I have allotted 250 words per question, use them as you best see fit. MLA / This is an upper level history course.

This is broken into three parts: one answer for part one, three different questions in part two of your choice (whichever you find easier for you), one answer in part three.

Instructions: Answer each part as instructed. Remember that you will be graded on both style and substance. When using facts from research/reading, please include a simple citation if you can. All your materials are available to you so use them wisely. Remember that in some situations there may not be a right answer, but a best response, and write accordingly.

Strive to be concise, direct, and on target. And always, if you can cite three pieces of evidence it will make your response that much better.

PART I (20%) Answer the following question:

At the Philadelphia Convention, May-September 1787, the delegates believed that men meant well and had limitless possibilities, but man was also selfish by nature and could not be counted upon to consider the interests of others. The powers of national government were decided with little debate. But there was a clash of interests (factions) over the control of the national government: small vs. large states, north vs. south, union vs. states.

Explain clearly how the convention solved this clash of interests using population as the pivotal point.


PART II (60%)  Answer three of the following questions: Whichever is the best three for you to answer.

1. It has been said that The Revolution might have been won without Washington, but it is unlikely that a Free United States would have become so easily a true nation had he not existed. Explain your position on this statement.

2. It is interesting to note that the two decisive British defeats during the American Revolutionary War, Saratoga and Yorktown, grew out of complicated, cooperative military operations. The first of these operations was a British plan that failed. The second was a Franco-American venture that succeeded. How would you account for these results?

3. How and why did the French Revolution become an issue that divided Americans beginning in the Adams Administration? Be specific. Explain fully.

4. What restrictions upon British impressments did the United States seek? Why did the British reject them? Explain fully.

5. Some have argued that the United States declared war on the wrong party in 1812. State three reasons, for or against this statement, to explain your position.

6. According to Foner, Thomas Paine transformed the understanding of Republic and made it ”& a living political issue and utopian ideal of government. How was it possible for one man to affect so many people and lead them to revolution with one small 48 page pamphlet? Explain fully.

7. Jeffersons Declaration established in writing the four basic ideas of the American political system. State clearly what these four principles are.

8. In 1788, at the Virginia convention to ratify the Constitution, Patrick Henry opposed its adoption, commenting: It squints towards monarchy. Explain his meaning of this notion.

9. It has been said that despite the fact that the Constitution supported industrial expansion, Americas industrial revolution developed slowly because of the lack of capital and labor and the need for technological information and financial and business innovation. Do you agree with this statement? If so, why, if not, why not?


PART III (20%) Answer the following question.

From 1789 on, the issue of factions (political parties) plagued the young nation. The two popular leaders who clashed politically and around whom appeared the first two major political parties, Hamilton and Jefferson, clashed over the Necessary and proper clause(the last clause in Article I, Section 8 in the Constitution).

Explain what you believe was the most important political difference between the two men and what effect the difference made and make on the political development of the nation.