How does modern technology affect socialization for worse
Write an annotated bibliography for position paper, How does modern technology affect socialization for worse. What you need are a total of 10 sources (20 paragraphs) pertaining to your topic for your final position paper. The sources muse be taken from academic website such as books, ebooks, CQResearcher, Academic Premier Search, Ecoshost, etc. You can use other sources from reliable websites.
For each source, you need to include 2 paragraphs, one summarizes your source and the other explains how the source connects to your paper.
Remember that Wikipedia is not allowed as it is not academic.
Use MLA style, using the examples in the text for the type of source you are using.
Example in the text:
1. Online journal (appeared earlier in print)
Bailey, Ronald. The Twin Paradox: What Exactly Is Wrong with Cloning People? Reason May 1997. Reasononline. Web. 12 Mar. 2014
This article explains simply, in nonscientific terms, exactly what was done to clone Dolly the sheep. The author briefly explains the legislation that has resulted from the first asexual reproduction of a mammal. Bailey explains what a clone would be and discusses the reasons why human clones could in no way be exact copies of their predecessors. Clones would have different personalities and would be as different as identical twins. He doesnt feel it is unethical to clone humans because they would be treated with the same moral status as any identical twins or triplets. He states that as long as we treat cloned individuals as we would treat any other human being, all other ethical problems we have concerning cloning would essentially disappear.
This article answers the questions I had regarding exactly what a clone would be like in relation to the original model. It reinforces the belief I had that clones would be different people because of different social influences and environmental factors that have so much to do with the personality of an individual. I will use information about Dolly and the uniqueness of clones in my discussion about the feasibility of cloning people.
2. Web site (online publication)
U.S. Dept. Of Energy Office of Science. Cloning Fact Sheet.Genomics. energy.gov. Human Genome Project Information. 23 July 2008. Web. 14 Feb 2014.
According to this government Web site, which is maintained by the Human Genome project, both scientists and physicians at present advice against cloning humans. When the first cloned animal, Dolly, died in 2003, she had developed both arthritis and cancer. Since that time, animal cloning has been very difficult. Only one or two tries out of one hundred are successful with animals. Also, many cloned animals are born with large offspring syndrome and other birth defects. They often die prematurely. There is fear that cloning humans could lead to similar problems. For these reasons, human cloning at this time is considered unethical and dangerous.
This Web site also provides links to anti-cloning legislation information and answers many other questions about all types of cloning issues. It is a credible Web site. I will draw some information from this Web site to use in the introduction to my paper; and i will also use the information about the dangers of human cloning in my conclusion.
3. Magazine articles (print)
Mann, Charles C. The First Cloning Superpower. Wired (Jan.2003): 116+. Print.
The author has interviewed a number of scientists in China who are working on therapeutic cloning techniques that employ stem cell research with the ultimate end of growing human replacement organs and tissues. China does not have as many regulations against experimenting with human stem cells as do the United States and other Western countries. China allows almost complete freedom to scientist in this field, disallowing only human reproductive cloning experiments. This means that scientists can experiment with embryonic stem cells to clone spare human parts, to regenerate damaged nerve and other tissues, and to find cures for diseases that have had no cures in the past. The author gives several examples of Chinese scientists who received their education in the United States but could not conduct stem cell research there because of bans on such research, and who have now returned to China where they have the freedom and access to funding and materials to conduct such research. The Chinese government hopes to win a Nobel Prize for Chinas work with therapeutic cloning.
White the United States debates the morality of this technology, China, with a different set of values, pursue it. Stem cell research and therapeutic cloning will be carried on in other parts of the world as well, even while being banned in the United States. This science is not likely to go away, and it is potentially extremely valuable to humans. I will use this article to develop my section on the feasibility of therapeutic cloning.
4. Book (print)
Pence, Gregory E. Who Afraid of Human Cloning? Lanham: Rowman, 1998. Print.
This is a comprehensive source of information on cloning. the book provides a complete overview, including discussion on the misconceptions, ethics, regulations, and arguments regarding human cloning. This author is most definitely an advocate of human cloning technology. He feels the discussion of this issue to date has been horribly one-sided. He states that never in the history of modern science has the world seen such an instant, overwhelming condemnation of an application to humanity of a scientific breakthrough. His aims is to correct this problem of a one-sided debate over the issue.
I will probably cite this book because of the wealth of information it contains. Although the author advocates human cloning, his book is a fairly good source of material for arguing against human cloning. I will use ideas from this book in my introduction to show how some people are in favor of cloning and how some are not. I will also make the distinction between cloning humans and therapeutic cloning, both of which are controversial.
5. Articles in print and online (accessed on databast)
Wilson, Jim. Cloning Humans. Popular Mechanics. June 2002: 42-44. Academic Search Complete. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.
This article discusses the technological progress of cloning and the inevitability that humans will soon be cloned. Wilson begins by showing that cloning humans is not different from the procedure used for in vitro fertilization (IVF). For IVF, a human conception (the union of a male sperm and female egg) takes place in a glass lab dish, grows into an embryo, and is then implanted in a human uterus. Human clones will go through the same process, Wilson tells us. The difference between IVF and cloned embryos is that the genetic blueprint for IVF cases comes from two parents, whereas clones require only one. Wilson traces the potential for human cloning back to 1997 and shows that while the world marveled at the cloning of Dolly the sheep, the scientific community marveled that researchers from Duke University Medical Center had learned that cloning humans would simper than cloning sheep.
Once this discovery was made, Italian researcher Severino Antinori argued that the genetic pattern of sterile males could be passed on via clones. Antinori, who successfully performed IVF for a woman 62 years of age, presented his findings at the International Cloning Consortium in Rome in 2001. His case was taken quite seriously by the scientific community, and since then a number of cloning projects have emerged. The formation of the first human-cloning company, Clonaid, was announced by founder Claude Vorilhon. Clonaids chief scientist Brigitte Boisselier, is a chemist who perfected the process of forcing DNA-inoculated cells to divide successfully. The market for this process is fertility clinics.
This articles shows how the technology for cloning may be used in way that is more insidious than many may have previously thought. Combining cloning with