Iet and Physical Activity-Executive Summary


Diet and Physical Activity

Why? Overweight and obesity are major contributors to many preventable causes of death. On average, higher body weights are associated with higher death rates. The number of overweight children, adolescents, and adults has risen over the past four decades. Total costs (medical cost and lost productivity) attributable to obesity alone amounted to an estimated $147 billion in 2008 (CDC) . More than one-third of U.S. adults (over 72 million people) and 17% of U.S. children are obese. During 1980a 2008, obesity rates doubled for adults and tripled for children. During the past several decades, obesity rates for all population groupsa regardless of age, sex, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, education level, or geographic regiona have increased markedly. Obesity is a result of a complex variety of social, behavioral, cultural, environmental, physiological, and genetic factors. Efforts to maintain a healthy weight should start early in childhood and continue throughout adulthood, as this is likely to be more successful than efforts to lose substantial amounts of weight and maintain weight loss once obesity is established (Healthy People, 2010).

Problem: Your Role: school healthcare professional /teacher/trainer/ or concerned taxpayer or parent.

Scene: As members of the Grassroots Committee for the Prevention of Childhood obesity, you have been asked to draft a poster presentation or an executive summary for the state legislature on what should be done about childhood obesity in your home state.

Product: Poster presentation or Executive Summary. In face-to face classes we do a group poster and then have other faculty and staff assess it. But for the on-line classa I will provide you choicea (group or individual project). Poster or Executive Summary. The Poster must be submitted and readable on line. An Executive summary is a term used in business for a short document that summarizes a longer report, proposal or group of related reports in such a way that readers can rapidly become acquainted with a large body of material without having to read it all. BOTH must contain a brief statement of the problem, background information, concise analysis and main conclusions.

Questions to think about/answer for yourself or your groupmay help you to think critically about this topic.

What is the difference between obesity, overweight and ideal weight? Where does disordered eating fit into this?

Explain to a major stakeholder (within the community) which methods of determining body composition they should fund? BMI, hydrostatic weighing, skin fold calipers, bioelectrical impedance.

Explain how the food guide pyramid and the physical activity pyramid can help them improve their childas health as well as their own. What about the new Choose my Plate campaign?

Explain to the school board in your town why they should or should not agree to let a?Pepsia? be the
sole vendor on their schoolsa campuses.

Explain to a concerned group of parents, students, and community members the role that
computers, TV and video games play in childrenas health.