Ifferences and similarities in disability in England and sweeden

SO3003 Assessed task

You are required to answer the following question in an essay of not more than 3000 words.

The area of social care provision I have chosen is disability and the two European states are England and Sweeden.

a?More similar than different a¦?a
Evaluate this statement and account for the differences and/or similarities in social care provision within Europe.a?

To answer this question you will need to:

Identify an area of social care provision in two European states. One of these should be England, but for students whose country of origin is another European country they may use that as a base line with the permission of the tutor who is providing them with support. You should also ensure that your material is as up-to-date as possible.

The area of social care provision should be one of the following:
a. children & young people;
b. older people;
c. people who experience mental ill-health;
d. disabled people.

You may select a group within the broad category, for example, learning disabled people; adoption etc..

The material selected will provide you with the data to answer other aspects of the question.

This is the first phase of the assignment and is a?data collectiona.

You will then need to identify differences and similarities in the areas chosen. These need to be properly evidenced and you should draw on a wide range of resources for this. You need to ensure that you have included some of the following areas:

a? How services are delivered a
a? Who provides the services;
a? What level of qualifications staff need (professionals or volunteers) et
a? How services are organised and funded
a? Is the delivery local or national;
a? Are services provided and/or funded directly by the state or NGOs;
a? The extent of national direction and/or local discretion;
a? What type of services are there
a? Any other areas, which you may have discovered during your research

NB. You do not need to include all these areas, but you do need to ensure that you have covered enough to have sufficient material to answer the question.

This is the second phase of the assignment and is a?data organisationa.

You will then need to offer an account for the differences and similarities. Areas you could consider here are:

a? The historical nature of provision in the countries chosen (regime type)
a? EU directives or ECHR judgements
a? Demographic factors & changes
a? The impact of global factors a this could include economic globalisation, for example the current recession and further retrenchment; migration; the globalisaiton of ideas & culture.

This is the third phase of the assignment and is a?data analysisa. It is vital that this section is directly linked to the nature of the similarities and/or differences you have identified. It is not sufficient to identify themes in the debates without ensuring they are linked to the material. This is the way in which you will answer the part of the question which invites you to account for the similarities and differences.


The question is multi-faceted, but by following the guidance you should be able to cover the relevant ground. It is important that you provide a well structured piece and offer a coherent account.

You are reminded that a minimum of 15 references are required for this piece of work and that at least half of these should be taken from journal articles. There should be a balance in the references between the two countries. Pieces of work which are poorly referenced and/or reflect only minimal reading will be unlikely to pass.


Social Care in Europe: organising your material.

a?More similar than different a¦?a
Evaluate this statement and account for the differences and/or similarities in social care provision within Europe.a?

In response to requests from some students here is an outline of one of the ways in which you could organise your material. It is important to remember the the key part of the question is a?account fora differences and similarities. The guidance her is quite lengthy, summarising as it does a substantial part of the group tutorial. It is only guidance, and there are other ways of ordering the material and addressing the question. It is hopefully written up clearly for you to follow, even if you were not at the tutorial a and of course, it is accessible to all students. It is vital that you utilise the support of your tutors in either arranging individual tutorials or (often a more efficient way) sending in a plan via e-mail which your tutor can comment upon.

First, you need to order your material, and one way of doing this is to identify an area of comparison (Julie Bondas power point in Group Folders is helpful here) and then note what the situation is in your chosen countries. This could look something like this. I have used the material presented by Vicky Price in an earlier lecture as the basis. It is important to note that the areas identified here for comparison are not the only ones to select and that this is an a?examplea based upon one presentation.

Organisation of provision in Parma Organisation of provision in Dubrovnik
1. High level of devolved self Government
2. Developed project with families
3. In the city centre Limited devolved powers. Greater centralisation.
Families less involved in development of provision
Located 15 miles out of the town in a remote area

Aims of provision in Parma Aims of provision in Dubrovnik
1. To secure paid employment for learning disabled adults.
2. To provide a place where they can fulfil potential To secure paid employment for learning disabled adults.
To provide respite for families
Service delivery in Parma Service delivery in Dubrovnik
1. Small scale provision
2. Around 1:1 staffing ratio
3. High emphasis upon work place skills for all (whatever their ability)

4. Campaign for rights Large scale provision
Around 1:15 staffing ratio
Selective emphasis upon skill development (more able & limited to horticulture)

Some campaigning for rights

If you were doing this for your own areas with each point you make you should ensure that you record the sources and references for your claims, as you go along in the preparation stage. This will make it much easier when you come to write it up.

Looking at these two cities it would be possible to argue that there are more differences than similarities. You would expand the material so that you explained what the nature of the devolved Government would be, for example.

In terms of how you could present this, there are a number of options:

a? You could outline the nature of the project in Parma (all sections) and the the project in Dubrovnik (all sections) and then add a paragraph to ensure that you present the argument that provision has more differences than similarities
a? You could follow the outline above, identifying an area you have gathered data about (e.g. service organisation) and write along the lines of a?in Parma a¦a?. Followed by a paragraph a? In Dubrovnik, by contrast a¦ a?. This type of structure will lead to a more easy recognition of the similarities and differences, since the use of phrase like a? in contrast toa? or a?it is also the case that in a¦a? makes the differences or similarities more obvious as to you along.
a? A slight variation on the second structure would be one where you moved between the columns, so a?In Parma there is a a¦. In Dubrovnik, however, there are fewer devolved powers. The project in Dubrovnik has some family input a¦ By contrast in Parma a¦a?

Having outlined what the differences and similarities are, you need to account for them. In weeks 3 & 4 there were presentations which explored factors to account for similarities and differences. There is also additional material in the weeks which expand the points and also in the group folders. In the example above key factors to account for differences would be: regime typologies and political c