Igital Divides: Inequality and Democratization.

1, About the module: Title -Democratisation, Information and Communication, one of the modules of MA Media and Communication. br /
2, IMPORTANT! About this essay: New media are being developed in a stratified society. Do they bring new a?digital dividesa, or are we looking at the same old inequalities exercising their influence? Please round up the discussion with reflections on the political roots as well as the civic and political implications of digital inequality. br /
[THESE QUESTIONS WILL BE USEFUL: 1. How useful is the concept of the digital divide for the understanding of social exclusion and inequality? 2. What is the connection between stratification and information access and use? How might this relate to democratic participation and democratisation? 3. To what degree to you agree with the proposition that the digital divide will disappear through technological advancement? Give reasons for your argument.] br /
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3, useful bibliography br /
Panayiota Tsatsou (2011) Digital Divides in Europe: Culture and the Western-Southern Divide, New York and London: Peter Lang. br /
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Susan Halford & Mike Savage (2010), a?Reconceptualizing Digital Social Inequalitya, br /
Information, Communication and Society 13 (7): 937-55.br /
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Bridgitte Wessels (2010) Understanding the Internet: A Socio-Cultural Perspective, Basingstoke: Palgrave, ch.7, pp. 103-122br /
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Steve Woolgar (ed) (2002), Virtual Society? Oxford: Oxford University Press, esp. ch.1br /
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Brian Loader (ed) (1998), Cyberspace Divide London: Routledge, esp. article by Trevor Haywood, p.19-34br /
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Alexander Halavais (2009) Search Engine Society, ch. 4 a?Knowledge and Democracya.br /
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Philip N. Howard (2007) a?Testing the leap-frog hypothesis: The impact of existing infrastructure and telecommunications policy on the global digital dividea. Information, Communication and Society, 10 (2), 133-157. br /
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Jan van Dijk and Kenneth Hacker (2003) a?The digital divide as a complex and dynamic phenomenona. Information Society , 19 (4), 315-326.br /
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Pippa Norris (2001) Digital divide?: civic engagement, information poverty and the Internet worldwide, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. br /
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See also Pippa Norris (2000) a?The worldwide digital divide: information poverty, the internet and developmenta. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Political Studies Association of the UK, LSE, 10-13 April 2000. br /
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Helen V. Milner (2006) a?The digital divide: The role of political institutions in technology John Clayton and Stephen J. Macdonald (2013) a?The limits of technologya. Information, diffusiona. Comparative Political Studies, 39(2) 176-199. Communication and Society, 16 (6), 945-966. br /
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Recommendedbr /
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a?Regulator highlights Britainas digital dividea, Guardian April 27th Americans in the Information Age: Falling Through the Net at ebusiness.mit.edu/research/papers/130%20Compaine%20Digital%20Divide.pdfbr /
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Terry Cawkell (2001), a?Sociotechnology: The Digital Dividea, Journal of Information Science 27(1): 55-60br /
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Jessica Brown (2003), a?Crossing the Digital Dividea, ch.18 in M.Ermann and M.Shauf (eds), Computers, Ethics and Society 3rdbr /
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Do a Google Search on Digital Divide and examine the results, 2006 at index.html edition New York: Oxford University Press 17br /
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Paul DiMaggio and Eszter Hargittai (2001) a?From the digital divide to digital inequality: Studying internet use as penetration increases. Working Paper #15, Center for Arts and Cultural Policy Studies, Princeton University. br /
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Tetsuro Kobayashi, Kenaichi Ikeda and Kakuko Miyata (2007) a?Social capital online:br /
Collective use of the internet and reciprocity as lubricants of democracya. Information, Communication and Society, 9 (5), 582-611.