Irculation as a Design Element (architecture–shaping human settlements)
When you can accomplish the learning objectives for this lesson, you should begin work on the essay assignment described below. You may use any assigned readings, your notes, and other course-related materials to complete this assignment. Essays should be 2 double-spaced, typed pages (approximately 500 words) using 11-point Times Roman font.
Urban historian Lewis Mumford wrote in his famous book The Highway and the City: The city does not exist for the constant passage of motorcars, but for the care and culture of human beings(1963). Apply Mumfords statement to the circulation pattern that has evolved in American metropolitan regions.
Thesis statement: You should discuss the importance of circulation as a community design element and especially the close relationship between community land use and its circulation system in terms of the care and culture of communities.
The following list is a rough draft outline of ideas for the essay:
The community ecologies of American and Canadian metropolitan regions clearly demonstrate this important relationship in community design.
importance of public policy in determining the form of communities
noticeable differences in form of American and Canadian communities
public policies regarding American and Canadian community design
The four developmental stages of the American circulation system reflect the growing emphasis upon designing our communities to accommodate the private automobile.
initial period of the walking city (colonial to 1880)
era of the streetcar suburb (from 1880 until 1920)
growth of recreational automobile use (1920 until 1945)
the rise of the galactic American city (1945 until present)
The concept of induced circulation demand helps to better understand the forces that contribute to this growing emphasis on designing for automobiles.
galactic city as decreasing density and increasing vehicle miles traveled
growing tension between private needs and public good
explanation of the dynamics of induced demand for streets and roads
However, there are several high social costs associated with the sprawling development pattern required to accommodate private auto use.
growing percentage of family household income going to transportation
related costs in terms of time and family values related to circulation
public health risks associated with auto-dependent communities
A variety of circulation alternatives have emerged in community design to reduce the role of the private automobile and give communities more choices.
traffic calming as the least expensive circulation alternative
congestion pricing as the least intrusive circulation alternative
light-rail transit as an increasingly popular community design
transit-oriented development as the land use/circulation connection
To receive credit for the full 20 points, your extended essay should demonstrate: (a) working knowledge of the lesson materials; (b) a clear, comprehensive, and significant thesis statement utilizing (c) a variety of examples from the lesson readings, and (d) high university writing standards. Please refer to the scoring criteria and Saint Cloud State Universitys LEO Web site for more specific guidelines on how your essay will be evaluated.
Keating, M. and W. Mehrhoff. 1992.
can i just send the lesson DOC. for you? because i think this is too vague…