Ire Department Safety Officer Week 3 Smoke

Identify two types of thermal stress and how they affect firefighters during an incident.

In this unit the skill of reading information on the fire ground turns to the observation of some very subjective and difficult to read areas. NFPA 1521 states the incident safety officer a?shalla? monitor conditions to determine if they fall within the departments risk management criteria. What might be acceptable to one officer might not be to another. Compounding this is the fact that what goes on at an incident is weighed against acceptable risk verses unacceptable. Firefighting is a high hazard, risk-taking profession and a certain amount of risk is acceptable and at times necessary. Where the line is between the two is hard to say, but this unit will set some boundaries based on the communitys expectations, fire service standards, and what a departments values and skills are.
This unit will also start the process of analysis of the specific hazards that a fire service organization could encounter. Within this unit and the following ones, you will begin to look at various hazards, gain an understanding of the hazard and what to look for during an incident.
The first hazard is that of dealing with hazardous energy. To gain an understanding you must first have an understanding of where energy comes from, how it is transmitted and the associated hazards with it. There are also other sources of hazardous energy at an incident, such as utility gases, water and storm sewer systems, hazards associated with vehicles, and environmental hazards that you will be working in. All of these are hazards that the ISO must constantly be evaluating and keeping the IC informed.The next area this unit will look at is that of the firefighter themselves and how to a?reada? them. How many incident reports read that the mistakes leading to the death of a firefighter were a?humana? errors or misjudgments? The incident scene is moving so quick and many events are usually happening all at once and then we had the human factor to the events. Well trained and experience firefighters all have had close calls and lived to tell about it, but then some never get the chance. Reading how firefighters are conducting themselves on a scene is very challenging but needs to be done to ensure that everyone goes home.

When answering the written response questions, please follow these requirements:
a.Your answer to each written response question should contain a minimum 200 word response.
b.Spelling and grammar will impact your grade. Make certain to proofread each written response carefully before clicking on the submit button.
c.Make certain that all of your sources (including your textbook) are referenced at the end of the written response and that directly quoted information within your written response is cited to show the difference between your ideas and the exact words of your sources.
d.General encyclopedias are prohibited sources. They are NOT to be used.

Examples of prohibited sources include, but are not limited to, Wikipedia, Encarta, and World Book.

Ire Department Safety Officer Week 3 Smoke

Summarize the three-steps for reading smoke at a structure fire

Noted fire service instructor Francis Brannigan once said, a?relying on experience alone is not sufficient, firefighters must be aware of the theories and principles involved in building constructiona?. This unit will begin the process of teaching a?the would bea? safety officer the value of a?readinga? a building and the smoke produced during a fire; and its impact on safety. An incident commander has his or her hands full in dealing with the complexities of a working fire; and they should be able to rely on a well trained safety officer to give them insights as to what the building is doing and how the fire inside of it is affecting the integrity of the structure.
Buildings do not just collapse without any warning. Granted, there are times when the first indications of collapse and the actual event are close together but; there are warning signs and with everything going on during an incident the safety officer must be focused on high priority issues. A trained safety officer who has had training in building construction features and has the knowledge and an understanding of how buildings react to fire will be a more effective safety officer.
In addition to understanding how buildings act under fire conditions, a?readinga? the smoke to gain an insight on the fire inside building is also necessary. This concept of reading smoke has been around for several years and has been taught by different instructors. The author of the text for this class is one of the nations best instructors into the concept of reading smoke and how this knowledge will affect firefighter safety during working structure fires.

When answering the written response questions, please follow these requirements:
a.Your answer to each written response question should contain a minimum 200 word response.
b.Spelling and grammar will impact your grade. Make certain to proofread each written response carefully before clicking on the submit button.
c.Make certain that all of your sources (including your textbook) are referenced at the end of the written response and that directly quoted information within your written response is cited to show the difference between your ideas and the exact words of your sources.
d.General encyclopedias are prohibited sources. They are NOT to be used.

Examples of prohibited sources include, but are not limited to, Wikipedia, Encarta, and World Book.