Ire Services Response during Hurricane Katrina and 9/11

Policy Paper
You will develop a Disaster Management Policy Paper, or research paper, for this course. Please follow the instructions below in order to develop a well-organized and thoughtful eight to nine page paper. The research paper title page and reference page are not included in the required paper length. CSU requires that students use the APA format for writing course papers. Therefore, the APA rules for formatting, quoting, paraphrasing, citing, and listing of sources are to be followed. Your paper must contain at least five references and may include internet sources, books, and professional journals or resources related to the profession.
This assignment requires that you produce an eight to nine page paper utilizing APA style. You should first select an emergency services discipline (Fire, Law Enforcement, Public Health/Medical, etc.). You will then conduct an analysis utilizing two after-action reports (AARs) from previous disasters or complex emergencies (examples: Katrina Report,
9/11 Commission Report, Oklahoma City Bombing AAR, Arlington Co. 9/11 Pentagon Response AAR, etc.) to identify any common response issues within the discipline and between emergency service sectors. The analysis should include the interactions between the chosen sector and other sectors to identify deficiencies in policy, planning, and/or response operations. If available, you should utilize available information to analyze your local jurisdiction or agency for the existence of policy, plans, and training that may overcome these identified deficiencies.

Policy Paper Contents
The following major sections are suggested for inclusion in your Policy Paper:
i?? Introduction i?? Briefly describe the issue, and state the importance and purpose for the paper.
i?? Background i?? Review the relevant literature on the subject. This is a good section to satisfy the requirement for
five plus primary sources. Be sure to use APA formatted in-text citations to identify sources for information. Note that in-text citations are required even if the information has been reworded, or paraphrased. You are required to give credit to authors for their published work regardless of whether the work is presented in quotes, paraphrased, or the concept alone is presented. The source for concepts must be identified with APA formatted in-text citations.
i?? Methods i?? State how you will address the issue. For example, you could perform a review of related research materials or literature. This research can come from articles contained in professional journals or recognized news outlets, established and professional internet sites, or textbooks. Other methods of research can include conducting interviews and/or performing observations centered on your research topic. If you use a tool such as a standardized checklist, you should provide information from the research literature on the tools reliability and validity.
i?? Results i?? Present the findings from your selected research methods. Continue to provide in-text APA formatted citations for research material discussed, paraphrased, or quoted in the paper. The inclusion of tables, figures, and/or pictures in addition to describing the results in the body of the text can add to your paper significantly, but they are not necessary to the papers readability.
i?? Conclusions i?? Present your conclusions and recommendations. In general your own opinions should only be included in this section.
i?? References i?? Must be in APA format.