Isaster Management and Emergency Planning

write a Repot

Critically evaluate and analyse the following scenario: -

A raid on a house in the Birch Green area of Skelmersdale took place at midday today in connection with an ongoing counter terrorism enquiry. At the time of the raid all suspects of the gang were at the location. The house contained computers being used to obtain money from internet bank accounts; it also contained a significant number of stolen credit cards, cheque books and money orders. However of greater concern at this point is that the raid has unexpectedly yielded some evidence that could potentially form plans for a Chemical or Biological attack. This included on the hard drive and search history of the computers seized at the premises:

1. Locations of hang gliding and light aircraft clubs in NW England.

2. Lists and contact details of companies that manufacture hang-gliders.

3. Some photographs of a hang-glider and a light aircraft adapted for crop spraying.

A list of chemical compounds and some chemical formulae. Additionally the bathroom has clearly been used to manufacture a substance, as yet unknown, using some chemical process. A survey of the house has been undertaken by police CBRN responders supported by the fire and rescue service. This survey has detected trace levels of sodium hydroxide and hydrogen in some of the cupboards and other confined areas within the bathroom and throughout the house, along with large quantities of empty plastic containers that had held Sodium Chloride (salt).
Scientific advice from Porton Down states that the process used has most likely to have manufactured Chlorine through the electrolysis of sodium chloride (salt) dissolved in water. Along with chlorine, this process also yields hydrogen gas and sodium hydroxide. Forensic evidence of the presence of all of these chemicals is now becoming apparent. The chemical equation for this process is:

2 NaCl + 2 H2O → Cl2 + H2 + 2 NaOH

This equation along with the process to carry out the manufacture of Chlorine has also been found on one of the computers at the address in Skelmersdale.
Numerous reports are now being received about a small aircraft spraying chemicals along the Promenade at Blackpool. There are substantial numbers of people in the area enjoying the Christmas illuminations. The 999 system has been overwhelmed and all emergency control rooms cannot cope with the volume of calls. Reports indicate a significant number of people lying in the road and there have been a large number of vehicle collisions. There are now further unconfirmed reports of an explosion and fire at the base of the Blackpool Tower.
First responders have established a rendezvous point 400 metres south of the effected area, early reports indicate that several hundred people appear to have been overcome by a chemical sprayed from a micro light aircraft, which then flew into the base of the Blackpool Tower before exploding  there is now a significant fire developing at the base of the Tower as well as obvious structural damage caused by the explosion.

Consider the following: -
1) What command structure would be put in place to deal with an incident of this magnitude? Do not just consider local arrangements.

2) List the responsibilities of the Category One Responders you would expect to be involved.

3) Discuss the issues arising with respect to treatment and identification of casualties.

4) Critically evaluate the issues regarding warning and informing the public.

5) Critically evaluate the issues surrounding incident communications.

6) Formulate a strategy to deal with the attending media representatives.

7) Draft a press statement of 250 words for the attending media.
the reference SHOULD be from these books :-

HM Government (2004) Emergency Response and Recovery
HM Government (2004) Emergency Preparedness
Trolleys handbook of Disasters and Emergency Management, (2006) Butterworth and Heinemann
Laura G Kaplan (1996) Emergency and Disaster Management Planning McGraw Hill Professional.
Kenneth N Myers (1999) Managers Guide to Contingency Planning for Disasters: Protecting Vital Facilities and Critical Operations. John Wiley & Sons

British standard