Iscuss a contemporary problem in penolog

Discuss a contemporary problem in penology. Explain its historical background. In your opinion, how severe is the problem? What policy changes can be used to address it?
Ive selected prison overcrowding.

This 2 page paper needs to include as much historical context as possible. It needs to discuss all of the old types of jails and prison systems. (The Big Houses, Chain Gangs, etc.) A majority of the grade is historical content and grammar.

I need 3 references and Include a citation list in APA format.

Grading Rubric
Grades are assigned based on the quality of the essay, not on how much or little work it took.

Evidence of exceptional preparation. Good knowledge of course content. Logical, coherent argument. Excellent use of citations. Few/no errors in grammar, punctuation, and stylistics