Iscuss deontology theory evidents in the health care system.

A paper describing how the deontology theory is evident in the health care system. Be sure to include a discussion on relevant ethical principles that are associated with that theory. Describe a situation from a medical clinical experience that would be an example of this theory and associated principles.

Deontology
One of the most noted ethical theories is that of deontology. The word deontology comes from the Greek word  deonto , which means duty. Deontology, also known as formalism, is based on the idea that actions, character or intentions are inherently right or wrong and are judged based on societal agreement about duties and responsibilities. (Mappes & DeGrazia, 2006).
Immanuel Kant is the founder of deontology. The primary focus of this theory is doing one s duty. A deontologist judges the rightness or wrongness of action depending on the nature of the action or the motive, or on the importance of the actions in their inherent moral significance (Mappes & DeGrazia, 2006).
The theoretical framework of deontology is based on the principle of universalizabilty, which states that an act is good if it can be applied universally, irrespective of the circumstances or if you can consistently choose it as a universal principle for conduct. One would be acting in a deontological manner if one made decisions based on the fact that one would ALWAYS make the same decision in that situation for all people. For example, if a health insurance company functioned in a deontological fashion, they would choose to give every client who needed it a liver transplant. They would do this because it is their duty to give each person what that person needs (Mappes & DeGrazia, 2006).
Kantian deontology is based on respect for persons; includes duties to avoid killing innocent persons, the duty to tell the truth and the duty to keep one s promises. It is the origin of the  categorical imperative , Based on  categorical imperative which says that a person should always be treated as an end and never as a means to an end without his or her consent. In modern society, this is known as the  Golden Rule  do unto others as you would have others do unto you. This emphasizes the fact that this action should apply to all. Kant believed that one should act only on that maxim or principle that one can will to be a universal law (Mappes, & DeGrazia, 2006).