Iscuss Rousseau and either Tolstoy or Sartre (Philosophy paper)

Discuss the following topics in a clear, coherent, and critical essay, quoting briefly from book(cite page number) to support points.


1. What methodological difficulties is Rousseau aware of as he proposes to Undertake to separate what is original from what in artificial in the present nature of man”(Preface,p.11)?

2. What two basic kinds of inequality does Rousseau conceive of and which of the two does he consider socially, and politically more significant? Comment critically.

3. Briefly describe how Rousseau conceive of humans in the so-called State of natureWhat are the advantahes and disadvantages of life under it?

4. Comment on the role of property in the development of civil society. Discuss its economic, psychological, social and political consequences.

5. Finally, what remedies does Rousseau propose for the evils of civil society?
Comment critically.


1. Comment on the life of Ivan Ilyich before he became ill. Discuss his character, his work, his wife, his hobbies, and his ambition.

2.Comment on the reaction of his family his co-workers, and his doctors to his illness.

3. Comment on Gerasim, the peasant servant. What does he represent in terms of the human types Rousseau describes?

4. Finally, how does Ivan Ilyich come to terms with his death?
Is he reconciled to it? Comment critically.


1. What is striking about Sartres view of hell? Discuss in terms of its context, furnishings, and activities.

2. What do Garcia, Estelle, and Inez want from each other? Are their needs satisfied? Comment critically.

3. Rousseau assumed that humans prefer to be solotary and that they are forced to become social. Does Sartre through the characters in the play seem to share this preference? Comment critically.

Books:
1.J.J. Rousseau: Discourse on the Origin of Inequality.
Hackett Publishing Company. Translated by Donald A. Cress
Introdiction, Preface, Parts 1&2, ppⅤ-ⅩⅤIII, pp.10-71

2.Leo Tolstoy : The Death of Ivan Ilyich.
Bantam Classic. With an Introduction by Ronald Blythe

3. Jean-Paul Sartre : No Exit & Three Other Plays
Vintage-Random House
No Exit.

Do not cite any other sources. I can only use these three books.