Iscuss some of the ways differences and inequalities are made on streets in the UK

Essay for Social Sciences DD131 course
The main part will be discussing differences and inequalities and how they are made. As it is only 750 words, pick up 3 or 4 points which is related in DVD or the text material. Demonstrate the understanding of the ideas that are discussed in the coruse materials and find similarities and differences in my street (Gravesend High Streetmy nearest city street, where unlike my village street there are many mixed race (many musrim people) are based and operate shops, taxi services etc.

Please contact me for more materials in PDF format. I could not upload them here.

Making Social Lives on City Road (City of Cardiff)

Film suggests that observation is a starting point in the social sciences and that social scientists try to see things differently as they look for layers of meaning, patterns, connections and themes.

Simon Bromley suggests that this can be done in 4 ways:

1) Look at people and their activities as well as asking what they think and experience. Talk to a wide range of characters everyone has a different story to tell but as social scientists we are looking for patterns eg shopkeepers talking about their jobs as not just selling goods but providing a sense of community;

2) Focus on interactions and connections between the people and the material infrastructures and object in the street eg utilities, signs, cctv etc;

3) Look for connections between street and other places and times eg evolution of transport, imigration and memories of people who have lived there a long time, how the role of the area has changed;

4) Differences across time and space. City Road looks different in the daytime and the nightime, different people use it for different activities eg a night out or as a thoroughfair for cars, different uses in history,

How do we know?

How do social scientists gain knowledge and understanding of society?

People engaged in activites;
People talking about themselves;
People in official roles;
Commentary of a guide;
Historical archive material.

How is society made and repaired?
People and things and there interactions with one another;
Tensions and conflicts;
Work done to make up or repair what has been unsettled or broken.

How are differences and inequalities produced?
social lives include similarities as well as differences;
things people value and the resources they have are enequally distributed;
competition and conflict.
This film begins by presenting the street as a place to introduce the social sciences: it is one place or arena of action and interaction that offers a vantage point from which to view how people, objects and ways of living are assembled to make up our social lives. a?The streeta starts by asking you to imagine walking down a street that is familiar to you, where you perhaps take much for granted, and then contrasts this with a street or streets that are unfamiliar. The film suggests that when looking at unfamiliar streets we start to see things that we do not ordinarily notice. Did you see anything in a?The streeta that you werenat familiar with? Think again about a street or streets you know and see if you can identify anything that might now seem less taken for granted. All streets are unique in some respects and you will see and encounter things in them that you wonat see anywhere else, but in other respects streets around the world have similarities as well as differences. Did you see anything in a?The streeta that was unique but at the same time an example of some pattern you are familiar with? These opening observations and questions already suggest two insights into how the social sciences aim to help us understand societies. First, the social sciences are often interested in asking about how the takenfor-granted is made up; they try to make the familiar unfamiliar by asking questions about why things are as they appear to be: how did they come to be like that and are there things that are important that go beyond the taken-for-granted? Second, the social sciences look for the patterns in social life that exist alongside those unique characteristics that are often the most visible aspect of any given society. Some examples of things that we might take for granted but that might look less familiar when seen in another context, and of things that might exhibit patterns despite their uniqueness, include: how people dress and behave on streets; the kinds of activities people engage in; the mixtures and interactions of people and things a including vehicles, road signs, buildings; and the ways in which activities and interactions are ordered or governed.
Aerial view of City Road, Cardiff
The street that provides the subject matter for these filmsisCityRoad in Cardiff. The film stresses that what you will see and study in City Road can be applied more widely as it offers a way into a whole series of questions about social lives in the contemporary UK. In this respect, one of the academic commentators, Simon Bromley, suggests that it is worth bearing in mind three questions: . How is society made and repaired? . How are inequalities and differences produced? . How do we (as social scientists) know? These questions are in fact questions for the course as a whole and you will return to them in various forms in your studies. At this stage, it might help to keep one aspect of each question in mind. From the
question a?How is society made and repaired?a, it is worth thinking about the idea that societies are not just there or given; they are made by people in relation to others and by people in relations to material things and their environment. The second question, a?How are inequalities and differences produced?a, draws our attention to the fact that in making societies people are not all the same and the rewards and costs of our social lives are not equally distributed. The last question, a?How do we (as social scientists) know?a, points to the need for the social sciences to be able to say why the taken-for-granted may be less familiar than it appears at first sight or why what appears to be unique might form part of a pattern. The film also introduces the remaining four films of this DVD. The second film, a?Making social lives on City Roada, involves a journey down City Road with the local artist and poet Lloyd Robson, as he talks to some of the people who live and work there. This continues to explore the idea of questioning the taken-for-granted and looking for patterns: it invites you to begin to look at City Road as a social scientist. The third film, a?Material livesa, looks at the role that objects play in our social lives and the ways in which the material and human worlds interconnect. The fourth film, a?Connected livesa, illustrates how people and places have multiple identities, how these change in time and place, and how there are connections and disconnections among people and places. The fifth film, a?Ordered livesa, looks at how peopleas lives are ordered in a host of different ways that are both visible and invisible. These last three films a a?Material livesa, a?Connected livesaand a?Ordered livesaa also serve to introduce the three strands of the rest of the course materials. Summary . The street is a place in which we can begin to see how people, objects and ways of living are assembled to make up our social lives. . The social sciences often ask how the taken-for-granted is made up: why are things as they are and how did they come to be like that? . The social sciences also look for patterns in social life that exist alongside its unique characteristics. . Society is not just there or given but made by people in relation to other people, things and their environment; and the making of society produces inequalities and differences among people. a?Making social lives on City Roada This is a longer film and you might find it particularly helpful to use the scene-selection menu to navigate your way around after you have watched it th