Iscussion Article: Houstons Working Class and the Origins of Organized Labor in the Bayou City

Read: i??Houstons Working Class and the Origins of Organized Labor in the Bayou City, and Answer the following questions:

1. Describe the economic background of Galveston and Houston, particularly the transfer to Houston,and the rise of the oil industry.
2. Discuss the early labor movement in Houston. What types of unions were the most prevalent?
3. What were Houstons major industries in the late 19th and early 20th centuries? What were the demographics of the workers in the majority of these industries?
4. What was Houstons first union associated with a national labor organization? What social issues did this organization face? Why did local newspapers rally against this union?
5. Why did the trade unions in Houston remain relatively conservative, especially compared to northern cities?