Istory Exam 4 QuestionsWriter has to know history

Exam #2
Again, please note: this is a take home exam, and you are free to use your class notes in
formulating your responses to the essay questions below. I strongly encourage a careful
proofreading of your work before you submit it – as this is not a timed, in-class exam, I
expect your replies to be well-written and carefully organized, with ample evidence from
lectures to support your analytical arguments. Each one of your essays should contain a
coherent and logical thesis that is supported throughout the body of the reply with details
from lecture (and when appropriate, from the readings) that show how and why they
connect with your analysis.
In terms of format, please double-space your essays, and use standard-sized fonts
(12-point Times is recommended) and standard margins. For length of the essays, there is no
particular standard, although it would seem that a fouror five-paragraph essay, of about two
to three pages (double-spaced) would be adequate. Feel free, however, to write as much as
you feel is necessary to effectively answer the questions.
For the essays that ask you to incorporate the readings (Persian Letters and The Politics
of the Veil), please make sure to cite any direct quotes, which you can do with parenthetical
There are four questions below. Please answer all four.
1). In The Persian Letters, Montesquieu highlighted several dramatic differences between the
West (France) and the East (Persia). How did the gender, religious and political
differences between Persia and France presage the future development of the East and the
2). In the latter half of the nineteenth century, Europeans New imperialism expanded
their control over much of the world. How did the Wests expansion into Africa, Asia and
India impact both Western and non-Western civilizations?
3). Many of the worlds civilizations were engaged in, or drawn into, the cataclysmic wars
between 1914-1945. How did these two World Wars undermine the Wests control of large
portions of the globe?
4). Joan Scotts book The Politics of the Veil makes clear some of the difficulties of multicultural
societies. Based on her account of religious, racial, and gender tension with Muslims
in France – and considering The Persian Letters as well – how effectively did France function
as an open and multi-cultural society?