Istory of Multicultural Arts: Early Twentieth Century
Make 2 pages essay from the following instructions:
Essay 7: Kachina Repatriation, Fred Kabotie due 05/26
1. Read this article (/facultyfiles.deanza.edu/gems/cadgemoorecatie/04bchapter.pdf
Make 1 page response answer to the following short-answer questions:
1. Maria Martinez:
Maria teaching pottery at her Pueblo.
As discussed in the textbook, Maria and Julian Martinez invented their unique style of black-on-black high polish pottery in 1918. It quickly became popular with collectors, and after 1920, white patrons suggested that Maria sign her pots. Sales were increasing, and to many buyers, a signature would increase the worth of the pot. To Pueblo potters, signatures were not important, as those in the community knew how to recognize the style of individual potters. In the 1920s and 30s, Maria signed pots made and painted by others, and she slipped, burnished, and signed pots that others had shaped. To the Western art world, this might seem to be misrepresentation. In the Pueblo worldview, where community balance and harmony are valued over individual achievement, this was a way that other artists in the community could share in the wealth from Marias fame.
Discuss these questions:
Do you think Marias signature on Pueblo pottery was a misrepresentation?
Why do you think she signed pots made by others?
2. Rivera and Rockefeller:
In the 1999 film, Cradle Will Rock, directed by Tim Robbins, the actor Ruben Blades portrays the Mexican artist Diego Rivera, John Cusack plays the wealthy art patron Nelson Rockefeller, and Susan Sarandon a wealthy Italian woman. The film includes a brief recreation of the controversy surrounding the Rockefeller Center mural, Man at the Crossroads, discussed in Chapter 4.
View this clip from the film. (as in Digging for the Truth, this is a large file and it may take a while to download before it will play)
In the mural, what do you see that are common themes in Riveras art and political views?
If you were in Rockefellers position, would you have the mural destroyed? Why or why not?