Ivil rights Act and the Voting rights Act

Reading Assignment:
American Vision and Values: (required)
Chapter 7 a Race in America 159

Required Reading: Recommended Reading from the Center for American Vision and Values Website:
Dr. King: a?I Have a Dreama?
Dr. King: a?Letter from Birmingham Jaila?
1. Click on the Center for American Vision and Values button
2. Click on Programs
3. Click on Signature Series
4. Click on Resources
5. Click on the Select Topic drop-down menu
6. Choose Race in America
7. Click next to proceed to page 2
8. Click either View or Download for Dr. Kingas two readings

Kirkpatrick Signature Series Reader:
Required Readings:
Historical Perspectives:
Spalding: a?How to Understand Slavery and the American Foundinga? 461
DaSouza: a?We the Slave Ownersa? 465
Crevecoeur: from a?Letter IX, Description of Charles Towna? 474
Douglass: from a?What to the Slave Is the Fourth of Julya? 480
Contemporary Perspectives:
Brittain: a?Integration in a Color-Blind Society Is Not Possiblea? 504
Steele: a?The Double Bind of Race and Guilta? 495
Steele: a?The New Segregationa? 509
Steele: a?Race and Responsibilitya? 512

Recommended Readings:
Thomas: a?Education: The Second Door to Freedoma? 498
DaSouza: a?Multiculturalism: Fact or Threata? 506
Lincoln: a?Second Inaugural Addressa? 514

Recommended Reading from the Center for American Vision and Values Website:
Bill Cosby: a?Address at the NAACP on the 50th Anniversary of Brown v. Board of Educationa?
1. Click on the Center for American Vision and Values button
2. Click on Programs
3. Click on Signature Series
4. Click on Resources
5. Click on the Select Topic drop-down menu
6. Choose Race in America
7. Click either View or Download for Cosbyas address

Recommended Videos:
Shelby Steele on Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton:
/1:
Post to the Week 8 forum of the Discussion Board by midnight (11:59 p.m. Central Time) of the Sunday of Week 8. Please write only the following in the subject line: 8.1 and your last name.

Compose a 1,000-1,200-word essay on this topic:
Introduction: The six historical readings on slavery and segregation demonstrate strongly the need for government action in the past to correct the systematic denial of equality of opportunity to African Americans and other people of color. Dr. King thought the government needed to do something to end segregation and ensure equality of opportunity. That was the reasons he and his followers came to Washington. In the year following Dr. Kingas a? I Have a Dreama? speecha and partly in response to his march on Washingtona the government took action to ensure equality of opportunity and passed the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act, which effectively ended segregation in America.

The contemporary readings are not as clear about what the role of government should be in ensuring equality of opportunity. Brittain is pessimistic about achieving the integrated society in which Dr. King believed and for which he sacrificed himself. Shelby Steele (who is male, by the way) argues that African-Americans should be responsible for their own a?uplifta? and that whites should be responsible for moral support and for combating any lingering racism they find within themselves. He also vigorously opposes the federal policy of Affirmative Action.

In your essay: Assess why government intervention (in the form of the 13th Amendment ending slavery and the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act of the 1960s) to ensure equality of opportunity was historically necessary to correct tremendous injustices, and also take a stance on what role, if any, government should play today to ensure equal opportunity. Should the government play any role in ensuring equality of outcome? Why or why not? Is equality of outcome a desirable goal. Why or why not?

Important Notes on the Assignments:
1. Write in Arial 12 font, unless otherwise directed by your instructor.
2. Comment on specific ideas from ALL of this weekas required readings from the Kirkpatrick Signature Series Reader to support your position.
3. Always name the author whose ideas you are discussing. This is the author of the specific reading, not the editors of your text.
4. Provide in-text citations for all ideas, opinions, and facts derived from the course readings, whether you simply refer to them, paraphrase them (put them entirely into your own words), or quote them. Place the in-text citation at the end of your sentence but before the period that ends your sentence. The in-text citation should give the authoras last name (unless youave used it already in your sentence), the year of publication for your text (found on the title page), and the page number from the text (using p. for page or pp. for more than one page).
5. Provide a References page at the end of your essay that includes bibliographic references for every reading cited in your essay. Center the word References at the top of the page (do not underline it, place it in quotation marks, or place it in bold font). Follow APA procedure. The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) offers excellent detailed explanations of APA Style requirements. This is the URL for the Purdue OWL: 01
The Reader is an anthology, so that is the type of bibliographic reference that should be used. Here is an example:
Emerson, R. (2008). Self-reliance. In E. Rauchut & K. Mason (Eds.),
Kirkpatrick signature series reader (pp. 374-383). Bellevue, NE:
Bellevue University Press. (Original work published 1841)
Note1: The first line of the reference begins at the left margin. All subsequent lines should be indented one tab.
Note 2: Do not include bibliographic references for any reading not cited in your essay. If you leave out one or more readings, your references list should honestly reflect that.