Lectronic Monitoring in Criminal Justice

2. The use of electronic techniques in the criminal justice system seems to be expanding everyday. The 911 attack has escalated the public s acceptance of electronic solutions to public safety. Electronic monitoring of suspects and offenders is still ethically controversial. Electronic capabilities are constantly advancing at such a rate that many experts fear they are a threat to our freedom? The issue of electronic monitoring is complicated by the diverse police and correctional agency goals of those empowered to do monitoring (detection, arrest, investigation etc.)and the diverse techniques used to monitor suspects and offenders.

” First, thoroughly define the ethical problems and potentials for abuse of electronic monitoring in the field of criminal justice?
” Next, discuss how using electronic monitoring to place more offenders in the community is problematic for the average citizen?
” Last, thoroughly explain the  peacemaking and the  utilitarian views by applying them to electronic monitoring of offenders. Be sure to include the different types of electronic monitoring and the ethical issues involved with each type.

Answer must include
” A discussion of the ethical issues involved in using electronic monitoring including violations of constitutional rights while applying the procedures, protocols and techniques of electronic monitoring.
” Students should discuss how criminal justice agencies might abuse electronic monitoring to harass innocent citizens, to make cases against political dissidents and to  fish for crimes  .
” Students should explain how the utilitarian view supports electronic monitoring for practical reasons as it saves money and prison bed space. They should also include that the practical applications allow officers to catch criminals, deter crime and to serve the higher goal of stopping terrorists.
” Students should apply the peacemaking view of criminal justice and consider how electronic monitoring can be an opportunity to promote restorative justice by keeping offenders within the community. (They can work, take care of their families, and give back to the community. Prisons are expensive to maintain and are probably best reserved for dangerous criminals.)