Lobal Warming (from a political perspective, not the scientific view)


The research paper s subject will be one of your choices, but should focus and relate to the topics covered, or at least touched on, in the course. The research paper should analyze each argument/side to the subject matter. Give a background on your topic and write about why you support and/or not support the subject. The paper should be about eight double spaced word-processed pages, excluding footnotes. All sources in this research paper must be fully acknowledged. This includes all sources from which you derive ideas, analyses or leads, and not simply sources you quote or paraphrase.
B. Organization Structure of Paper

An introductory section that summarizes the issue to be examined and tells what you plan to cover in the balance of the paper.
A section that traces the development of the issue historically.
A critical analysis of the laws and leading cases dealing with the issue.
A description of the main divergent points of view in contemporary debates over the issue. (What interests are served by each point of view?)
A description of alternative and creative approaches to resolving the issue. (Do not hesitate to draw from other fields of knowledge and experience.)
A presentation of your rationale for recommending a particular approach or course of action.
A conclusion that ties ideas together and synthesizes the information brought out in the paper.
C. Style and Format

Papers should be paginated. Be sure to make and keep a copy.
Your paper s first page should include a paragraph telling the reader what you plan to cover in the balance of the paper. Be explicit.
A heading (or subheading) should appear at least every second page.
Strive to begin a new paragraph every three or four sentences.
Footnotes must be sequential, e.g. 1 to 50, and may appear at the bottom of the page or at the end of the paper. Properly referenced, a paper of eight pages could easily include 40 footnotes.
Give full citations, in a footnote, for all laws and treatises when they first appear in your text.
When a document or law case is mentioned for the first time, use the full name and year in the text and give a complete citation in a footnote.
A case citation in a footnote must include the court, the year in which the case was decided, and the volume of reports in which the case can be found.
Generally, try to avoid using quotations. Quotations interrupt the flow, and often you can say it better in your own words. Identify the source of all direct quotes in the text, e.g. Interior Secretary Gale Norton has observed,  &  In a footnote cite the publication or occasion where your source made his or her remark. Again: Never use a quote without identifying the source of the quote in the text.
Bibliographies or reference lists are welcome but not required.
Avoid verbiage. Generally, use short words, short sentences and short paragraphs. Spare the reader high-flown rhetoric, windy generalizations, lame cliches, and uncritical thought.
Proof spelling and grammar
D. Research Strategies

First, conduct a thorough search of the library literature and available documents. Interview knowledgeable professors and recognized leaders or experts. Interviews will give your paper more credibility and will enable you to make an original contribution to knowledge.
You may collaborate with anyone on locating appropriate sources.
Use primary sources original cases, documents, and interviews whenever you can. Use newspaper and magazine stories only to complement your other materials.
When discussing a particular issue, controversy, or conflict, ask yourself whether you have identified the major players and the interests they represent.
When reviewing and assessing the effectiveness of a policy, you ought to ask: Is the policy accomplishing its purpose? (If not, why not?) Which interests (economic and/or political) have benefited or been hurt by the policy? Have certain interests taken control over implementing (or undermining) the policy?
When discussing a law, explain not only what the law says but also how it works.
Stop researching when you have enough material to substantiate your claims, enlighten your reader, and put the problem in context. You must make sense of what you have gathered and learned. Too much time devoted to the research will leave you too little time for intelligent writing. You ought to spend 60% to two-thirds of your available time researching and one-third to 40% of your time writing.
E. Writing Strategies

Writing a paper is an interpretative process. After you have gathered the necessary materials, sit down and start writing freely. Just get your ideas down on paper. When you review what you have written, remember that vigorous writing is concise. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences.
Spend time perfecting your introduction. The intro should be tightly written and clear. Do you have a main contention or finding? What is the central issue? Define it. Explore its origins and historical development. Your opening paragraph is especially important. It must capture the reader. It must also provide a few hard details that tell the reader why you are writing this research paper and why she/he ought to read it.
Several topics in this course may require some mastery of scientific or technological data. Your description of the science or technology surrounding an issue should be introductory and subordinate to your policy focus.
Strive for cadence, balance, and logical sequence. Think about the logical progression of your arguments. Present facts chronologically and in an organized fashion. Make the connections between various pieces of information; do not leave it up to the reader.
EDIT, EDIT, EDIT! This cannot be stressed enough. Recast and tighten your material. Have the courage to cut.
Correct spelling, punctuation, and typographical errors. Leave at least one hour for proofreading before submitting your draft. (Poorly edited and proofread papers show lack of care, and will turn off the reader.)