ESSAY QUESTION: Does the a?globalisation of culturea effectively mean the a?westernisation of culturea?

This essay should be suitable for an undergraduate year 3 student.

Module Aims and Learning Outcomes
To analyse the main theoretical and empirical debates associated with the globalization of world politics.

Students successfully completing this module will:
a) have demonstrated a sound understanding of the key debates over globalisation;
b) be able to analyse the complex of historical and political forces that underpin globalisation;
c) have demonstrated an understanding of certain key issues pertaining to the evolution of the global political system and development of global governance.


*John Tomlinson, a?Globalization and Cultural Analysisa in David Held and Anthony McGrew, Globalization Theory, Polity, 2007
John Tomlinson, a?The Discourse of Cultural Imperialisma& a?Conclusion: From Imperialism to Globalisationa, from Tomlinson, Cultural Imperialism, 1991, pp. 1-33, 173-179; (Robertson & White, 2003); Lechner & Boli, 2004
John Tomlinson, a?Globalization and Cultural Identitya, in Held and McGrew, 2003

*Arjun Appadurai, Disjuncture and difference in the global cultural economya, in Lechner & Boli, 2004; (Robertson & White, 2003); also available through google on the web.

*James Clifford, a?Diasporasa, Cultural Anthropology, 9(3), 1994, (e-journal); (Robertson & White, 2003)

*Jan Nederveen Pieterse, a?Globalization as Hybridizationa, in M. Featherstone, S. Lash & R. Robertson (eds.), Global Modernities, 1995; (Robertson & White, 2003)

N. Bisley, Chapter 7 a?Identity, Nationalism and Globalizationa in Rethinking Globalization, 2007

Martin Albrow, a?Travelling Beyond Local Culturesa, in Lechner & Boli, The Globalization Reader, 2004.
Chadwick Alger, a?Perceiving, Analysing and Coping with the Local-Global Nexusa, International Social Science Journal, 117, 1988; (Robertson & White, 2003)
Arjun Appadurai, Modernity at Large: cultural dimensions of globalization, 1996
Arjun Appadurai, a?The Production of Localitya, in Richard Pardon (ed.), Counterworks: Managing the Diversity of Knowledge, 1995; (Robertson & White, 2003)
Frederick Buell, a?Conceptualizations of Contemporary Global Culturea, in (Robertson & White, 2003)
Leela Gandhi, a?After Colonialisma, from Postcolonial Theory, 1998, pp. 1-22; (Robertson & White, 2003)
D. Held & A. McGrew, Global Transformations, 1999. Chapter 7.
D. Held & A. McGrew, The Global Transformations Readera¦, 2003. Readings from Part III.
Stefan Helmreich, a?Kinship, Nation and Paul Gilroyas Concept of Diasporaa, Diaspora, 2(2), 1992; (Robertson & White, 2003)
F. J. Lechner & J. Boli, The Globalization Reader, 2004. Readings from Part VII
Hugh Mackay, a?The Globalization of Culture?a, in D. Held, A Globalizing World?, 2ed. 2004
Simon Murden, a?Culture in World Affairsa, in J. Baylis & S. Smith, The Globalization of World Politics, 2005.
Alejandro Portes, a?Global Villagers: The Rise of Transnational Communitiesa, in The American Prospect, 25, Mar-Apr 1996, (Robertson & White, 2003)
Edward Said, a?Orientalism reconsidereda, Race & Class, 27(2), 1985; (Robertson & White, 2003)
Roland Robertson, a?Globalisation or Glocalisation?a, The Journal of International Communication, 1(1), 1994; (Robertson & White, 2003)
T. Schirato & J. Webb, Understanding Globalization, 2003, (chapter 6, a?The Global Subject and Culturea).
T. D. Taylor, a?Strategic Inauthenticitya, in Lechner & Boli, The Globalization Reader, 2004.
Bryan Turner, a?Research note: from orientalism to global sociologya, Sociology, 23(4), 1989; (Robertson & White, 2003)

D. Guide to the Reading
Readings consists mainly of certain key articles and chapters that offer a range of perspectives from politics, international relations and sociology on the theory and empirical manifestations of globalisation. The literature on globalisation continues to grow, however, and you are advised to keep abreast of newly published work particularly in the relevant journals. Much of the material below comprises key pieces taken from a small number of globalisation a?readersa or collections. In particular, you are advised to consult:

Nick Bisley, Rethinking Globalization, Macmillan, 2007. (This book has the advantage of standing back from what has been a fast-moving debate in order to review and evaluate many of the key claims and positions to date. It will help you navigate through the wider material but at the same time offers a rather (small a?ca) conservative view of the subject matter and, as with many a?textsa, can be a little dry.

Ankie Hoogvelt, Globalization and the Postcolonial World, 2ed., Palgrave 2001. Combines concise theoretical discussion with a concern for the implications of globalisation beyond the advanced industrial world. Accessible and refreshing.

David Held and Anthony McGrew, Global Transformations, Polity, 1999. This very influential book seeks to provide a systematic scheme for analysing trends in the development of the many dimensions of globalisation across space and time.

David Held and Anthony McGrew (eds.), The Global Transformations Reader, 2nd edition, Polity Press, 2003. A valuable collection of readings that follows the basic structure of Held & McGrew (1999) above.

Frank J. Lechner and John Boli (eds.), The Globalization Reader, 2nd edition, Blackwell, 2004. Similar to the above if not quite as relevant for a Politics perspective.

David Held & Anthony McGrew (eds), Globalization Theory: Approaches and Controversies, Polity, 2007. A valuable recent re-examination of the debates with contributions by key authors.

Also, note Robertson & White, 2003, Critical Concepts in Sociology: Globalisation, Routledge, 2003. (This is a 6 volume collection of papers too expensive to buy but available in the library).

For a more sociological approach, see Tony Schirato & Jen Webb, Understanding Globalization, 2003.

I WANT REFERENCES from the above as well as your own.