Lying Buttresses and Their Significance in the Structural System Utilized at the Notre Dame Cathedral

*Description: Your paper will consist of the analysis of a historical building in which you will explore a topic of your own selection. It is important that this topic be of a small scope, given the length of this particular assignment. In other words, limit your topic to a specific item, condition, aspect, concerning the building of your selection; e.g. if you write a paper on the Colosseum, specify one particular aspect of this famous building a as for instance, how its arcuated structural system contributed to the size of the building. Do not be overly ambitious; the length of your paper will not allow it. The building or aspect of your selection, furthermore, must be from the period of time covered in class. It can be a building out of the textbook or my lectures, even; you can also cover something entirely new and not found in class. The important thing to remember is that the building or aspect you choose to write about must be from the time period outlined in your syllabusa a?Course Calendara.

*Organization. I expect that at this stage in your life, you must have written a few high school or college papers and that, consequently, you know how to write a paper that satisfies the most stringent college requirements. I will also take it for granted that the various English courses you must have taken by now will have taught you how to type a proper college paper, using the correct format for quoting your references and typing a title page, (you will use the MLA style available to you at the reference section in the main library). However, in an effort to assist you further, I have included various samples of basic organizational schemes in this handout; they will help you organize your paper better. Finally, remember that your paper will be a straightforward analysis of an architectural topic in which you will use a carefully phrased language reflective of a serious analytical and descriptive process. If you fail to achieve a serious and carefully orchestrated analysis of your building, the paper will be returned to you with a grade of a?0.a

*Paper Format: The paper will consist of 1,000-words (not including bibliography, citations, and title page), double-spaced, and typed-written, accompanied by a full graphic section complying with the graphic requirements outlined below and entitled a?Graphic Section.a? Papers should be well organized and should use the font a?Times New Roman,a 12-point. I will require that you up-load your paper to Turnitin. The paper will become property of the school and will be retained for the purposes of documentation; therefore, the student is strongly encouraged to make extra copies for himself. Furthermore, keep in mind that I might want to print your paper for school usage, therefore, your paper needs to be elegantly a?packageda? a i.e. it needs to be ready to print and include all of the necessary graphic support in the paper itself and not in separate files. Strict adherence to these requirements is indispensable for a homogeneous look, at the same time that it will facilitate reproduction of the originals. I will not read any papers that require that I hunt for images, jumping from file to file. I expect to open you paper from one file and find everything I need there, properly
formatted, and ready to be graded.
Most importantly, your paper needs to be saved as a *.doc, or a *.pdf file. I will not accept papers in any other format than *.doc or *.pdf.

*Concerning plagiarism: I will be using the services the school provides in order to check the authenticity of your work therefore you need to follow the instructions below to upload your paper to Turitin.com. I will be grading papers directly from that site and will not accept any paper via e-mail. Papers that are not turned in to Turnitin will not be graded and you will consequently, fail the course. In addition, please use the Libraryas resources to learn to use the proper citation method; anything you write which is said by others without your acknowledgement will be considered plagiarism. It remains the most common form of failure in my class. Learn to cite properly before you write this paper. Check your library resources and make sure to use a?MLAa standards. There are plenty of copies available at the library and on-line. Furthermore, Turnitin has improved significantly; it not only checks for similar phraseology, it also includes similarity of content. You have to submit original material; if you try to manipulate this system, you will most likely fail.

***Bibliography: A minimum of three (3) academic sources is required a these three sources must accompany Paper Proposal 1 and its number should ideally increase when you submit your final paper. By academic sources, I mean: peer-reviewed published material of the sort found in university libraries. It is not limited to books; academic journals are welcomed. Internet sources like Wikipedia, and other sites of that sort do not count. You may feel free to use non-academic sources of that sort, for which you will have to include them in y our bibliography, of course. However, they do not count as one of the three required minimum. Not complying with the bare minimal number of sources will deem your paper inadmissible.

*Graphic Section: All pictures must be of excellent quality (Please see item a?Picture in Proposala above). Graphic material is very important when explaining the formal characteristics of a design and will be instrumental to illustrate the concept you have selected. Furthermore, these papers will eventually form part of a library of studentas works and can be used for the purposes of various accreditation processes; therefore, they must show graphics of a professional quality. Graphic sources may include, but are not limited to, books and magazine articles, drawings, and photographs; they can also be downloaded from the Internet. Finally, you have to make sure that all the graphic material used in your paper is clearly identified; therefore, you must include the following information with your images:
a. Name of the source (i.e. name of magazine, title of book, or Internet address);
b. Name of the publisher (when appropriate);
c. Name of the author of the article where your pictures appear (when applicable);
d. Year and edition (or year and volume if you are using magazines);
e. Call number (if it is a library item);
f. Name of the building, architect, location, and year of construction.
Note: These sources can be included towards the end of your paper as long as you clearly identify each image by using a numerical system (e.g. fig. 1, fig. 2, etc.) Omitting any part of this information, on any of the photocopied material, will be penalized by two points per image. Please make sure this information is included.

*Suggested organization of the body of your text:
a. Introduction: The introduction should be no more than 20 % of the paper and should include some (not necessarily all) of the following items: the nature of your topic, the main purpose of your paper, its significance, your method or organization, and similarly generalized items pertaining organization and significance. It is important to include your own detailed interpretation (explanation) of the topic at hand, along with an introduction of the selected building (name, place, architect, etc.). Leave the more formal and extensive a?descriptiona for later, when you explain your concept in the section called Background Investigation.
b. Background Investigation: This is where you will engage in a detailed analysis and explanation of your topic. In other words, you will explain how your selected concept makes act of presence in the building you have selected. This section is meant to communicate your own convictions on the subject; it should also include any other reference you feel important to mention in relation to your analysis (e.g. historical models, discussion in class, etc.). It should be no longer than 60% of the paper.
c. Conclusion and evaluation: In this section you should define the main points, propositions, and premises concerning your selected