Mancipation, Freedom, & Shotgun Violence

The Emancipation Proclamation was the beginning of the end of slavery throughout America.
What did freedom mean to African American families in the wake of emancipation? How did this change impact white planters, yeoman farmers, and poor whites. What was the Freedmans Bureau? What did it offer and how well did it work?
Explain the increasing role of violence during Reconstruction. What were Black Codes?When and how did the Democrats regain political control in south and Redeemit? How did southern whites and blacks perceive the federal governments willingness to intervene on behalf of the Freedmen?
See also When Democracy Died in Wilmington, North Carolina by Brent Staples of the New York Times at 08sun3.html?ex1294376400&ene4888a5988e31413&ei5088&partnerrssnyt&emcrss