Merican culture race and representation”

I want to make a research about African Americans.How they came to America? How American immigrants became to African American? How they adapted to the society?
I want to talk in my paper about the reason that they came to America. Why they were leaving as slaves in America? I want to talk about their fights to gain their freedom to have the equal rights as citizens. I need to explain it as a process by using major historical points. I need to talk about the different views between an African and African American. I will search their adaptation to society and their problems with white people.