Nalysis of Heinrich Wolfflins book, Principles of Art History, using two specific paintings (Bartolomeo di Giovanni and Peter Rubens)

This analytic essay requires Heinrich Wolfflini??s five pairs of concepts, Linear vs. Painterly, Plane vs. Recession, Closed vs. Open, Multiplicity vs. Unity, and Absolute vs. Relative clarity, applied to two paintings, one is Bartolomeo di Giovannii??s Renaissance painting, Lamentation with Saints (1490), and another one is Peter Rubensi?? Baroque painting, Massacre of the Innocents (1611). The only required source for this essay is Heinrich Wolfflins book, Principles of Art History, since this is an analysis of his book and applying his logics to two paintings, there shouldni??t be any other source requiring citations for both painters (Rubens and Giovanni), nor Wolfflin, himself, except his book.

This essay can be break down into five parts comparing renaissance (Giovannii??s) and baroque (Rubensi??) painting using five pairs of concepts.

For example, It can be written as the following,
Linear vs. Painterly
Giovannii??s painting, Lamentation with Saints (1490), is considered to be a renaissance work of art as linear forms of each character gives i??equal valuei?? to each figurative element. It presents clear and obvious outlines of Christian figures. The linear forms of painting are truly obvious when spectators consider draperies of figuresi?? robes. For example, the donori??s red robe at the lower right of the painting is folded in multiple layers of clothi??.
i??Unlike Giovannii??s paiting, Rubens baroque painting has unique characteristics of baroque paintings that are different from paintings from other artistic periods. Rubensi?? painting, Massacre of the Innocents (1611), has i??mere presence of light and shade.i?? i??

Please use specific page citation when any sentence are directly relate to Wolfflins concepts using Chicago style. Once again, there is no need for any other background information to be added on this paper.

Lastly, the thesis statement should talk about the way of considering the two works of art using Wolfflins terms. But DO NOT say one is better than the other since this paper is talking about how to study two paintings from two different periods of time.

Please let me know if you need any question.