Nalytical paper -How did the definition of freedom, servitude, and slavery change in colonial America?

The paper assignment requires you to use the primary sources as the basis of your analysis and discussion. Any of the readings from the Riley reader and Blackboard PDFs for Weeks 1, 2, and 3 can be used as sources for the paper, although the most pertinent readings are the following:

Formatting your Paper

Your paper should be in a standard font, like Veranda, Times New Roman, Tahoma, etc, and no larger than 12 point. I know some fonts are larger than others, and I know which fonts make your paper look longer than it actually is (Courier, for example). Stick with a standard font.

Your paper should have 1 inch margins on all sides. Most Word programs set the left margin at 1.25, so youall need to adjust it.

Your paper should be doubled spaced.

Your paper should be 3-4 pages long and consist only of your text. DO NOT put a cover page, bibliography or work cited page in your paper. Since you are only using primary sources assigned in class, you do not need a work cited page or a bibliography.

Your paper should have your name, section, and date in a top corner (I donat care if itas left or right). Your paper should also have a title, even a simple title. Your title should be in the same size font as your paper text and be underlined. Thatas all you need for your paper identifier a your name, section, and date in a top corner and an underlined title thatas in the same size font as your text.

If you are quoting from the Riley reader, your citation should only contain a?Rileya? and the page number of your quote, i.e., (Riley, 134). If you are using a quote from the blackboard readings, simply use a?Blackboard Ma? (for the Monday Blackboard PDF) or a?Blackboard Wa? (for the Wednesday Blackboard PDF) as the author name, and the page number of the PDF, not the page numbers on the photocopies. In other words, if you use a quote from one of the Blackboard readings, use the PDF page number, not the page number from the photocopied text. Your citation should look like this: (Blackboard, 19). Do not include a work cited page or a bibliography with your paper.


You should only use the assigned readings from the Riley reader and the blackboard readings as sources.

The textbook (Tindall and Shi) is NOT a source for the papers. Your paper is an analytical paper, which means you have to make an argument in your introduction (in other words, you have to have a thesis), and then use specific evidence from the primary sources to support your argument. The textbook is not a primary source, itas a secondary source.

PRIMARY SOURCES are contemporary accounts of an event, written by someone who experienced or witnessed the event in question. These original documents (i.e., they are not about another document or account) are often diaries, letters, memoirs, journals, speeches, manuscripts, interviews and other such unpublished works. They may also include published pieces such as newspaper or magazine articles (as long as they are written soon after the fact and not as historical accounts) and photographs. All the readings in the Riley reader and on Blackboard are primary sources.

SECONDARY SOURCES interpret primary sources, and can be described as at least one step removed from the event or phenomenon under review. Secondary sources interpret, assign values to, conjecture upon, and draw conclusions about the events reported in primary sources. These are usually in the form of published works such as journal articles or books. Thus, your paper is, in fact, a secondary source, as is the textbook and the lectures in class. Using the textbook or information from the internet is copying someone elseas interpretations rather than doing your own work.

Most of the primary sources youall use have a brief introduction before the actual reading to provide context for the document. These introductions are NOT part of the primary source. The introductions in the Riley reader and Blackboard readings are secondary sources and should not be used in your paper, especially in a quote.

All quotes should be LESS than 3 lines of your typed paper. Anything longer than 3 lines has to be separated into a block quote, and these papers DO NOT require block quotes. Theres no need for quotes of that length in these papers. Therefore, you should limit your quotes to the most important and relevant information and definitely less than 3 typed lines. You should have a parenthetical citation directly following any direct quotes (see above for the proper format of parenthetical citations).

Remember that quotes are never isolated sentences. They do not stand alone. You must have some kind of context for your quote. If you choose to incorporate a direct quote into your paper (and I strongly recommend that you do), make sure the quote is not a sentence unto itself.

The Analytical Paper

Your papers should consist of an introduction with a clearly stated thesis that addresses the question. You should also have a conclusion that restates the key points of the paper. The number of body paragraphs will depend on how many specific points you make in your paper. Body paragraphs should have quotes to prove your point, but should not be composed entirely of quotes.

Analytical papers, by definition, are more than just summaries that demonstrate that you are familiar with the readings and the topic. Analytical papers are composed of original, carefully crafted arguments about the sources. These papers are not personal essays, so NO FIRST OR SECOND PERSON (no using a?Ia? or a?youa?) in the papers.

Descriptive writing summarizes a event or idea and is not the same thing as writing an analytical paper. Descriptive writing merely says what happened or what another author has discussed; it provides an account of the topic or event.

An analytical paper, on the other hand, asks and answers questions, makes comparisons, and presents and defends a thesis or argument. Rather than just stating the facts, this approach explains and interprets them. Why did events take place, what were their consequences, how did they relate to other developments? Why did the authors you read take differing stands? What is your own interpretation of the issues? The prompt questions will be broad, which means you have to develop a specific response based on the primary sources. Rather than just summarizing what happened or what you read, you need to provide your own analysis of the topic or issue about which you are writing and then prove a thesis and offer a conclusion. Be sure that you understand what each assignment requires, in terms of the balance between description, analysis, and argument.

You must provide evidence and examples to buttress your analysis and arguments. If you encounter material that does not agree with your position, you cannot just ignore it; instead you need to explain why you think that evidence is less important or persuasive.

Your paper should have a clear thesis in the introduction. A thesis:
--Tells the reader how you will interpret the significance of the subject matter under discussion.
--Is a road map for the paper; in other words, it tells the reader what to expect from the rest of the paper.
--Directly answers the question asked of you. A thesis is an interpretation of a question might be the Civil War or Westward Expansionism; a thesis must then offer a way to evaluate and understand the Civil War or Westward Expansionism based on the sources you will analyze.
--Makes a claim that others might dispute.
--Is usually a single sentence somewhere in your first paragraph that presents your argument to the reader. The rest of the paper, the body of the essay, gathers and organizes evidence that will persuade the reader of the logic of your interpretation.
--Is never a question.
--Is never just a repeat of the question I gave you.

Riley Reader:
Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico
The Journals of Christopher Columbus
John S