Nalyze and discuss its content with reference to Modernism
Do a close reading of the passage below from D. H. Lawrences story, The Odour of Chrysanthemums.Analyze and discuss its content with reference to Modernism
From The Odour of Chrysanthemums”
Lay th stretcher at th side, snapped the manager, an put im on th cloths. Mind now, mind! Look you now—!
One of the men had knocked off a vase of chrysanthemums. He stared awkwardly, then they set down the stretcher. Elizabeth did not look at her husband. As soon as she could get in the room, she went and picked up the broken vase and the flowers.
Wait a minute! she said.
The three men waited in silence while she mopped up the water with a duster.
Eh, what a job, what a job, to be sure! the manager was saying, rubbing his brow with trouble and perplexity. Never knew such a thing in my life, never! Hed no business to ha been left. I never knew such a thing in my life! Fell over him clean as a whistle, an shut him in. Not four foot of space, there wasnt— yet it scarce bruised him.
He looked down at the dead man, lying prone, half naked, all grimed with coal-dust.
Sphyxiated, the doctor said. It is the most terrible job Ive ever known. Seems as if it was done o purpose. Clean over him, an shut im in, like a mouse-trap—he made a sharp, descending gesture with his hand.
The colliers standing by jerked aside their heads in hopeless comment.
The horror of the thing bristled upon them all.
Then they heard the girls voice upstairs calling shrilly: Mother, mother—who is it? Mother, who is it?
Elizabeth hurried to the foot of the stairs and opened the door:
Go to sleep! she commanded sharply. What are you shouting about? Go to sleep at once—theres nothing—
Then she began to mount the stairs. They could hear her on the boards, and on the plaster floor of the little bedroom. They could hear her distinctly:
Whats the matter now?—whats the matter with you, silly thing?— her voice was much agitated, with an unreal gentleness.
I thought it was some men come, said the plaintive voice of the child. Has he come?
Yes, theyve brought him. Theres nothing to make a fuss about. Go to sleep now, like a good child.
They could hear her voice in the bedroom, they waited whilst she covered the children under the bedclothes.
Is he drunk? asked the girl, timidly, faintly.
No! No—hes not! He—hes asleep.
Is he asleep downstairs?
Yes—and dont make a noise.
There was silence for a moment, then the men heard the frightened child again:
Whats that noise?
Its nothing, I tell you, what are you bothering for?
The noise was the grandmother moaning. She was oblivious of everything, sitting on her chair rocking and moaning. The manager put his hand on her arm and bade her Sh—sh!!
The old woman opened her eyes and looked at him. She was shocked by this interruption, and seemed to wonder.
What time is it?—the plaintive thin voice of the child, sinking back unhappily into sleep, asked this last question.
Ten oclock, answered the mother more softly. Then she must have bent down and kissed the children.
Matthews beckoned to the men to come away. They put on their caps and took up the stretcher. Stepping over the body, they tiptoed out of the house. None of them spoke till they were far from the wakeful children.
When Elizabeth came down she found her mother alone on the parlour floor, leaning over the dead man, the tears dropping on him.
We must lay him out, the wife said. She put on the kettle, then returning knelt at the feet, and began to unfasten the knotted leather laces. The room was clammy and dim with only one candle, so that she had to bend her face almost to the floor. At last she got off the heavy boots and put them away.
You must help me now, she whispered to the old woman. Together they stripped the man.
When they arose, saw him lying in the naive dignity of death, the women stood arrested in fear and respect. For a few moments they remained still, looking down, the old mother whimpering. Elizabeth felt countermanded. She saw him, how utterly inviolable he lay in himself. She had nothing to do with him. She could not accept it. Stooping, she laid her hand on him, in claim. He was still warm, for the mine was hot where he had died. His mother had his face between her hands, and was murmuring incoherently. The old tears fell in succession as drops from wet leaves; the mother was not weeping, merely her tears flowed. Elizabeth embraced the body of her husband, with cheek and lips. She seemed to be listening, inquiring, trying to get some connection. But she could not. She was driven away. He was impregnable.
You may begin by defining Modernism as a trend or movement and the effect of historical events on life at the beginning of the twentieth century. Show how the depiction of modern themes required a new language that which employed imagery and symbolism. You may note specific passages that throw light on modern life in the industrialized society. How has this affected the life of workers and their relation with their families and society at large? What special elements of language do you notice, such as the use of symbols to suggest states of mind and feelings? Do you observe anything special about the language which suggests the class structure in the society being depicted?
Present your discussion logically with specific examples from the given text. Without this, your answer is merely theoretical.
To do this TMA, you will need to take the following steps:
Write a thesis statement to be included in the first page of your essay.
Plan your essay ahead of time by writing a plan highlighting the main points you intend to cover.
At this stage, students are expected to know how to paraphrase and synthesize the material they read using their own words as much as possible. They still have to quote and use quotation marks in the right annotation methods they learned from their tutors.
The following are guidelines on plagiarism:
If you submit an assignment that contains work other than yours without acknowledging your sources, you are committing plagiarism. This might occur when:
Using a sentence or phrase that you have come across
Copying word-for-word directly from a text
Paraphrasing the words from the text very closely
Using text downloaded from the Internet
Borrowing statistics or assembled fact from another person or source
Copying or downloading figures, photographs, pictures or diagrams without acknowledging your sources
Copying from the notes or essays of a fellow student
(Slightly adapted from OU document on quoting versus plagiarism)